About This Chapter
How it works:
- Identify which concepts are covered on your Gilded Age history homework.
- Find videos on those topics within this chapter.
- Watch fun videos, pausing and reviewing as needed.
- Complete sample problems and get instant feedback.
- Finish your Gilded Age history homework with ease!
Topics from your homework you'll be able to complete:
- The Homestead Act of 1862
- Expansion of the transcontinental railroad
- Native Americans' conquest and assimilation during the Gilded Age
- Economic policies during the Second Industrial Revolution
- The development of American industry in the Gilded Age
- Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons
- Fredrick Taylor's management principles
- Labor conditions during the Second Industrial Revolution
- Gilded Age politics and civil service reform
- Labor unions during the Second Industrial Revolution
- The Grange movement and the Populist party platform
- Immigration in industrial America and the rise of nativism
- Urbanization during the Second Industrial Revolution
- Goals of urban reform movements
- Middle class opportunities in American cities
1. Westward Expansion: The Homestead Act of 1862 & the Frontier Thesis
Prior to the mid-1800s, America essentially stopped at the Mississippi river. However, miners subsequently began pouring into the west to search for gold and other metals. Then the Homestead Act of 1862 encouraged further western expansion and settlement by giving away 'free' land to non-native individuals. Learn more about these historical events, as well as the Frontier Thesis, which argued that the nation's frontier was the meeting point 'between savagery and civilization.'
2. Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact
On May 10, 1869, the final railway spike was driven into the ground at Promontory Summit, Utah to connect two railroads and create the first American transcontinental railroad. The completion of the railway would change American life for better and worse. Learn about the history of the transcontinental railroad, the rationale behind crossing the continent by rail, and the effects of the transcontinental railroad in America during the late 19th century.
3. Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age
In the late 19th century, settlers migrated further to the west and came into conflict with Native American tribes, which prompted the U.S. government to displace indigenous people onto reservations. Learn more about the conquest of Native lands by the U.S. government, the Indian Wars, the massacre at Wounded Knee, the Dawes Act, and the government's attempts at assimilating native youths by kidnapping over 35% of Indian children and adopting them out to white families.
4. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution
During the late 1800's, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America into an industrial nation and brought a wave of economic policies that favored business development. Learn about the economic policies during the Second Industrial Revolution, monetary policy, tariffs, the Gilded Age, and how the Sherman Antitrust Act was used to rein in big business and restore competition.
5. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models
American industry development in the Gilded Age was distinguished by innovations and mass production and is often referred to as the Second Industrial Revolution. Discover the Bessemer process, the shift to scientific management, and the new business models, all of which made revolutionary changes in American industry.
6. Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons
With the Second Industrial Revolution came the rise of businessmen like Andrew Carnegie. Explore the rises, practices, and philosophies of Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons, from their beliefs in Reform Darwinism to their philanthropy.
7. Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency
Frederick Taylor revolutionized management practices to maximize productivity and efficiency. Explore his observations, the scientific management approach, and learn about Taylor's four principles of scientific management.
8. Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution
During the Second Industrial Revolution in America, factory jobs often required workers to deal with unpleasant labor conditions. Workers usually completed 60-hour work weeks in exchange for poverty pay. Learn about work in the Gilded Age, the typical hours and wages for factory workers, normal conditions at work, and how labor unions led to the gradual improvement of working conditions.
9. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform
Gilded Age politics began after the Reconstruction era and lasted until the 20th century. It is known as a time of corruption. Learn about the presidents of the Gilded Age and why they are considered forgotten, explore political machines and civil service reform.
10. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management
During the Second Industrial Revolution, American workers had few, if any, legal protections due to a societal belief in Social Darwinism. To combat this, workers began forming unions, such American Federation of Labor, to bargain on their behalf, despite resistance from companies and business owners. Explore the conditions that prompted these unions, the actions that they took, and the effect that they had.
11. The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions
The Gilded Age brought much change to America in the late 1800s, particularly for the rural farming community. Learn how the economy of the Gilded Age brought forth political parties such as the Grangers and Populist Party, who focused on the rise of the individual farmers over industry.
12. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism
During the Industrial Revolution, the United States of America accepted a massive wave of immigrants of various nationalities, ethnicities, and religions from around the world. Learn about the new immigrants' arrival & settlement in America, the rise of nativism, and federal acts that regulated immigration in industrial America.
13. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems
Urbanization is the process of people being concentrated into cities and it occurred during the second industrial revolution in America. Explore the lure of the city, the effects and problems of urbanization, and learn about the emergence of urban planning.
14. The Social Gospel Movement: Definition and Goals of Urban Reform Movements
The Social Gospel Movement was brought about by Protestant Christians in an effort to meet the spiritual and physical needs of the urban working class. Take a deeper look at the definition, goals, and legacy of urban reform movements, and learn about the origins of the YMCA, Salvation Army and settlement houses.
15. Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution
During the late 1800's, urbanization and increased technology created new opportunities for the middle class in American cities. Learn about the development of modern America and how advancements in technology and communications during the Second Industrial Revolution created new sports & leisure activities, literature, arts, and educational opportunities for the middle class.
16. Nevada Silver Mining & the Comstock Lode
The Comstock Lode, a silver deposit found in Nevada in the mid-1800s, made a lasting impact on the state and mining technology. This lesson overviews the discovery of the Comstock, the development of the thriving mining town Virginia City, creation of the Washoe Pan Process for separating silver, and influence on Nevada's population and eventual statehood.
17. Sand Creek & the Red River War: American Indian Wars
The Red River War was a continued conflict between Native Americans and the U.S. government, involving the massacre of a Cheyenne settlement at Sand Creek. Learn the details of this tragedy and the significance of following retaliation in the Red River War.
18. Indian Wars in the West: History & Timeline
The westward expansion of the United States resulted in countless Native Americans being forced onto reservations established by the federal government in the second half of the 19th century. Explore the history of reservations and a timeline of events that followed the passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
19. James Marshall & the California Gold Rush: Facts & History
The historic California Gold Rush was sparked by a man named James Marshall. Dive into Marshall's early life, read about his journey to California, and examine the discovery that caused a mass migration west in search of gold.
20. Washington Territory: History & Explanation
The Washington Territory was formed as a way of attaining statehood for Oregon. Explore the history of the Washington Territory, its role in Oregon's statehood, the territory's challenges, and how it became the state of Washington in 1889.
21. American Industrialization Timeline
In this lesson, we'll look a look at the industrialization process in the United States. We'll start by examining the major inventions, then put it all together on a timeline.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 220 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Other chapters within the High School US History: Homework Help Resource course
- First Contacts: Homework Help
- Settling North America: Homework Help
- The Road to Revolution: Homework Help
- The American Revolution: Homework Help
- The Making of a New Nation: Homework Help
- The Virginia Dynasty: Homework Help
- Jacksonian Democracy: Homework Help
- Life in Antebellum America: Homework Help
- Manifest Destiny: Homework Help
- Sectional Crisis: Homework Help
- American Civil War: Homework Help
- Reconstruction: Homework Help
- The Progressive Era: Homework Help
- American Imperialism: Homework Help
- The Roaring 20s: Homework Help
- The Great Depression: Homework Help
- The US in World War ll: Homework Help
- Post-War World: Homework Help
- The Cold War in America: Homework Help
- Protests, Activism and Civil Disobedience: Homework Help
- The 1970s: Homework Help
- The Rise of Political Conservatism: Homework Help
- Contemporary America: Homework Help