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Ch 24: Work in Early, Middle, and Late Adulthood

About This Chapter

Use these video lessons and online quizzes to examine work in early, middle and late adulthood. Through these lessons, part of Study.com's Psychology of Adulthood and Aging course, you can learn career management, occupational development and the factors that influence them.

Work in Early, Middle and Late Adulthood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

In this chapter, you'll look at many aspects of work, including what affects occupational choice, career development and career stages. The experiences of women and members of racial minorities are discussed, as is age discrimination in the workplace. You'll explore why people change occupations and how age influences occupational choice. These lessons should give you a solid understanding of topics that include:

  • Stages of occupational development
  • Causes of job satisfaction and dissatisfaction
  • Influences on occupational choice
  • Gender, age and race in the workplace

Video Objective
What is Career Management and Development? - Definition and Purpose Define and discuss career management.
Occupational Cycle: Normative and Nonnormative Identify factors that influence occupational development. Include discussion of mentors and the expectations people have regarding occupations.
Factors Affecting Occupational Choice: Psychological, Social, Economic and Cultural Describe the factors that affect occupational choice.
How Occupational Choice Changes with Age Describe how people view work and how occupational choices/priorities change over time.
What is Job Satisfaction? - Definition, Causes and Factors Define job satisfaction, and look at the causes. Show how it can be measured.
Job Dissatisfaction: Causes, Reasons and Employee Responses Identify employee responses to job dissatisfaction.
Job Satisfaction in Older Workers Identify factors associated with job satisfaction on older workers.
Career Stages: Establishment, Advancement, Maintenance and Withdrawal Describe the stages of a career, including establishment, advancement, maintenance and withdrawal.
Super's Stages of Occupational Development Describe Donald Super's theory of career development.
Gender Diversity in the Workplace Describe how organizations manage gender diversity along with current trends in organizations.
How Occupational Expectation Differs by Gender Explain how expectations may differ and how people are viewed when they work in occupations not typically associated with their gender.
Age Diversity in the Workplace: Definition, Trends and Examples Describe how organizations manage age diversity and look at current trends.
Occupational Experiences and Occupational Development of Women and Minority Workers Discuss factors that affect ethnic minority workers' and women's occupational experiences.
Stereotyping Age Differences in the Workplace Identify the types of bias and discrimination that hinder the occupational development of older workers, women and ethnic minorities.
Changing Occupations Explain why people change occupations. Look at how the timing of job loss affects the amount of stress the worker experiences.

17 Lessons in Chapter 24: Work in Early, Middle, and Late Adulthood
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is Career Management and Development? - Definition and Purpose

1. What Is Career Management and Development? - Definition and Purpose

Companies can invest in both their managers and employees through career management and development systems. These programs offer counseling, planning and workshops to help employees manage their careers.

Occupational Cycle: Normative and Nonnormative

2. Occupational Cycle: Normative and Nonnormative

In this lesson, we will explore what occupational cycles are and how they differ. In addition to this, we also look into what affects an individual's choice of career and occupation.

Factors Affecting Occupational Choice: Psychological, Social, Economic, and Cultural

3. Factors Affecting Occupational Choice: Psychological, Social, Economic, and Cultural

Occupational choice is affected by four factors: psychological, social, economic and cultural. An individual's job choice is molded by their family, morals, values, intelligence, abilities, finances and many other things.

How Occupational Choice Changes with Age

4. How Occupational Choice Changes with Age

In this lesson, we will examine some of the changes that occur to occupational choices as we age. In our youth, we just want a job for cash, but as we age, we begin to want more.

What is Job Satisfaction: Definition, Causes and Factors

5. What is Job Satisfaction: Definition, Causes and Factors

Job satisfaction is more of a journey, not a destination, as it applies to both employees and the employer. As we will see in this lesson, there is no definitive way to measure job satisfaction or to ensure it.

Job Dissatisfaction: Causes, Reasons and Employee Responses

6. Job Dissatisfaction: Causes, Reasons and Employee Responses

There is a level of job satisfaction for each person and each job performed. Problems occur when people are not happy with their jobs. In this lesson, we will look at causes for job dissatisfaction as well as employee responses.

Job Satisfaction in Older Workers: Associated Factors

7. Job Satisfaction in Older Workers: Associated Factors

What do older people want from their job? How does working for your entire life change when you start getting older? What do average workers expect? This lesson explores all of these factors.

Career Stages: Establishment, Advancement, Maintenance & Withdrawal

8. Career Stages: Establishment, Advancement, Maintenance & Withdrawal

A career stage model explains the four stages that individuals pass through in their careers. The four stages consist of establishment, advancement, maintenance and withdrawal.

Super's Stages of Occupational Development: Definition & Examples

9. Super's Stages of Occupational Development: Definition & Examples

Donald Super devised a developmental stage theory involving one's personal growth, acquisition of skills, and general development towards working. We will explore those stages in this lesson.

Gender Diversity in the Workplace: Definition, Trends & Examples

10. Gender Diversity in the Workplace: Definition, Trends & Examples

Gender diversity deals with equal representation of men and women in the workplace. In this lesson, we will explore trends and issues with gender diversity in the modern workforce.

How Occupational Expectations Differ by Gender

11. How Occupational Expectations Differ by Gender

In this lesson, we will explore the different types of stereotypes and expectations that come with gender. Included in this are typical assumptions based solely on gender and what happens when people confront these stereotypes.

Age Diversity in the Workplace: Definition, Trends & Examples

12. Age Diversity in the Workplace: Definition, Trends & Examples

Age diversity is the ability to accept all different types of ages within a business environment. Companies have to adjust to an aging population in various ways.

Occupational Experiences & Work Development of Women

13. Occupational Experiences & Work Development of Women

In this video lesson, we look at traditional and non-traditional gender role occupations for females. We'll also look at why a woman may go in either direction with her occupational choice.

Occupational Experiences & Development of Minority Workers

14. Occupational Experiences & Development of Minority Workers

In this lesson, we look at the reality of minority occupational experiences, including how poverty can beget poverty and limited options can keep lower socioeconomic status from growing.

Workplace Satisfaction Issues: Problems & Solutions

15. Workplace Satisfaction Issues: Problems & Solutions

Because adults spend so much of their waking life at work, it is a major part of most adults' lives. Watch this lesson to find out more about issues that can occur in the workplace, including the glass ceiling and job burnout.

Stereotyping Age Differences in the Workplace: Bias & Discrimination

16. Stereotyping Age Differences in the Workplace: Bias & Discrimination

Everyone has been looked down on because of their age - whether you are young or old, you've likely felt this sting. In this lesson, we explore the three main rules for equal opportunity for older people, including how stereotyping and ageism can lead to issues in the workplace.

Changing Occupations: Causes & Worker Retraining

17. Changing Occupations: Causes & Worker Retraining

In this lesson, we will discuss the issues that come with losing one's current career and the cumulative problems that occur as workers age or attempt to retrain.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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