About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering college-level business material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn college-level business. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding motivation theory or working with the equity theory of motivation
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning business topics (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about workplace motivation and productivity
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra business learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Workplace Productivity & Motivation chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Workplace Productivity & Motivation chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any workplace motivation and productivity question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a Workplace Productivity & Motivation unit of a standard college-level introduction to business course. Topics covered include:
- Behavioral management theory
- The needs theory
- The Pygmalion effect
- Acquired needs theory
- Reward systems and employee behavior
- Types of job redesign
- Job flexibility in the workplace
1. Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based
There are two schools of thought used to explain employee motivation in the workplace. Needs-based theory states that employees have certain needs that must be met in order to be motivated to perform. Behavior-based theory believes motivating factors influence behavior towards work.
2. Physiological Noise in Communication: Definition & Examples
Physiological noise can be a serious problem in communication. In this lesson, you'll learn about physiological noise and its concepts and be given some examples. A short quiz follows the lesson.
3. Personal Goal Setting: Definition & Ideas
Everyone sits around daydreaming about what they want to have and do in life. The question is, 'how are we going to do it?' It is important to establish personal goals and then a plan on how to reach them. This lesson shows you how to do that.
4. Workplace Motivation: Theories, Types & Examples
Successful managers have employees who are motivated to perform at a high level. In this lesson, you'll learn what motivation is and how understanding motivation can help managers succeed.
5. Sticky Wage: Model & Theory
The word 'sticky' isn't usually one we see applied to the business world. But in this lesson, you will learn why we sometimes refer to wages as 'sticky.' We will also look at a model where we compare sticky wages to flexible wages.
6. Worker Productivity: Definition & Statistics
What is worker productivity, and why do we care about it? Read on to learn what worker productivity is, how to calculate it, and why it changes, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
7. Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency
Known as the father of scientific management, Frederick Taylor revolutionized management practices. This lesson will discuss the contributions Taylor made to the field of management, most of which are still used today to maximize productivity and efficiency.
8. Behavioral Management Theory: Understanding Employee Behavior & Motivation
Behavioral management theory was developed in response to the need to account for employee behavior and motivation. The shift moved management from a production orientation (classical leadership theory) to a leadership style focused on the workers' human need for work-related satisfaction and good working conditions.
9. The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity
Does your behavior change when you think people are watching? This lesson describes the purpose and findings of the Hawthorne studies and their contribution to the practice of management.
10. The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Hunger, thirst, security, friendship, respect and being all that you can be are just some of the things that motivate us to take action. This lesson helps us to further understand these needs and how they motivate behavior by showing where they fall in Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
11. The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior
Setting expectations for employee performance and behavior is one of the primary responsibilities of management. This lesson defines the Pygmalion Effect and describes how it is used to influence employee behavior.
12. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation
This lesson describes Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory, which is based on the idea of how hygiene factors and satisfiers or motivators are used to provide satisfaction to employees in work environments.
13. Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace
Alderfer's ERG theory is a simplified version of Maslow's hierarchy of needs that suggests that all human needs can be accessed and satisfied simultaneously, rather than from the bottom up. Either way, as needs are satisfied, employees are motivated to strive to satisfy a new need.
14. Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation
Do you act out of a need for achievement, power or affiliation? This lesson describes the acquired needs theory and how one of the three types of needs affect us more than the others.
15. Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers
Have you ever thought your boss despises you and all your co-workers? Or maybe you've lucked out and your superiors really encourage you to be yourself. This lesson describes the two types of managers you might have, Theory X and Theory Y. Find out how the idea of self-fulfilling prophecies affects employees actions according to Douglas McGregor.
16. Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort
Have you ever noticed that some employees seem to work harder than others for the same reward? Why does that happen? This lesson explains how equity theory is used by managers to motivate employees by providing a high reward for equivalent efforts on part of the employee.
17. Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation
Finding the right equation for motivating employees can be challenging. This lesson explains how expectancy theory is used to motivate employees by increasing the motivation to act based on a set of specific criteria.
18. Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees
In the workplace, there are levels of acceptable behavior. As a manager, it is important to use appropriate techniques that reinforce acceptable behavior and deter inappropriate behavior. This lesson describes how reinforcement theory is used to influence employee behavior through consequences.
19. Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation
Locke's Goal-Setting Theory uses clear and challenging goals to advance employee motivation in the workplace. Goals that are well defined and challenging to attain are more likely to be met because they hold intrinsic and extrinsic value to the employee.
20. Reward Systems & Employee Behavior: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Rewards
Have you ever wondered why some employees are more motivated than others to work at a higher level of productivity? This lesson explains how managers use intrinsic and extrinsic rewards to reinforce positive employee behavior.
21. Types of Job Redesign: Job Enrichment, Enlargement & Rotation
Managers must be aware of ways to increase employee motivation. This lesson describes the various ways to redesign a job to encourage employees, including job enrichment, job enlargement and job rotation.
22. How to Empower Employees & Improve Employee Performance
Empowered employees have the potential to reach high levels of productivity because they feel in control of their jobs. This lesson will describe how a manager can empower an employee to motivate employee performance.
23. Job Flexibility in the Workplace
It's tough to find the right balance between work and life, but many employers are helping to make that task a little easier. Watch this lesson to learn about job flexibility in the workplace, including flextime, a compressed workweek, and telecommuting.
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