About This Chapter
How it works:
- Identify which concepts are covered on your workplace productivity and motivation homework.
- Find videos on those topics within this chapter.
- Watch fun videos, pausing and reviewing as needed.
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Topics from your homework you'll be able to complete:
- Behavior- and needs-based motivation theory
- Acquired needs theory
- Alderfer's ERG theory
- Behavioral management theory
- Employee empowerment
- Equity theory of motivation
- Fredrick Taylor's management studies
- Hawthorne effect
- Herzberg's theory
- Job flexibility and redesign
- Locke's goal-setting theory
- Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
- Reward systems
- Theory X & Y classification of managers
- Thorndike's reinforcement theory
- Vroom's expectancy theory
1. Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based
There are two schools of thought used to explain employee motivation in the workplace. Needs-based theory states that employees have certain needs that must be met in order to be motivated to perform. Behavior-based theory believes motivating factors influence behavior towards work.
2. Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency
Known as the father of scientific management, Frederick Taylor revolutionized management practices. This lesson will discuss the contributions Taylor made to the field of management, most of which are still used today to maximize productivity and efficiency.
3. Behavioral Management Theory: Understanding Employee Behavior & Motivation
Behavioral management theory was developed in response to the need to account for employee behavior and motivation. The shift moved management from a production orientation (classical leadership theory) to a leadership style focused on the workers' human need for work-related satisfaction and good working conditions.
4. The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity
Does your behavior change when you think people are watching? This lesson describes the purpose and findings of the Hawthorne studies and their contribution to the practice of management.
5. The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Hunger, thirst, security, friendship, respect and being all that you can be are just some of the things that motivate us to take action. This lesson helps us to further understand these needs and how they motivate behavior by showing where they fall in Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
6. The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior
Setting expectations for employee performance and behavior is one of the primary responsibilities of management. This lesson defines the Pygmalion Effect and describes how it is used to influence employee behavior.
7. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation
This lesson describes Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory, which is based on the idea of how hygiene factors and satisfiers or motivators are used to provide satisfaction to employees in work environments.
8. Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace
Alderfer's ERG theory is a simplified version of Maslow's hierarchy of needs that suggests that all human needs can be accessed and satisfied simultaneously, rather than from the bottom up. Either way, as needs are satisfied, employees are motivated to strive to satisfy a new need.
9. Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation
Do you act out of a need for achievement, power or affiliation? This lesson describes the acquired needs theory and how one of the three types of needs affect us more than the others.
10. Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers
Have you ever thought your boss despises you and all your co-workers? Or maybe you've lucked out and your superiors really encourage you to be yourself. This lesson describes the two types of managers you might have, Theory X and Theory Y. Find out how the idea of self-fulfilling prophecies affects employees actions according to Douglas McGregor.
11. Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort
Have you ever noticed that some employees seem to work harder than others for the same reward? Why does that happen? This lesson explains how equity theory is used by managers to motivate employees by providing a high reward for equivalent efforts on part of the employee.
12. Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation
Finding the right equation for motivating employees can be challenging. This lesson explains how expectancy theory is used to motivate employees by increasing the motivation to act based on a set of specific criteria.
13. Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees
In the workplace, there are levels of acceptable behavior. As a manager, it is important to use appropriate techniques that reinforce acceptable behavior and deter inappropriate behavior. This lesson describes how reinforcement theory is used to influence employee behavior through consequences.
14. Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation
Locke's Goal-Setting Theory uses clear and challenging goals to advance employee motivation in the workplace. Goals that are well defined and challenging to attain are more likely to be met because they hold intrinsic and extrinsic value to the employee.
15. Reward Systems & Employee Behavior: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Rewards
Have you ever wondered why some employees are more motivated than others to work at a higher level of productivity? This lesson explains how managers use intrinsic and extrinsic rewards to reinforce positive employee behavior.
16. Types of Job Redesign: Job Enrichment, Enlargement & Rotation
Managers must be aware of ways to increase employee motivation. This lesson describes the various ways to redesign a job to encourage employees, including job enrichment, job enlargement and job rotation.
17. Job Flexibility in the Workplace
It's tough to find the right balance between work and life, but many employers are helping to make that task a little easier. Watch this lesson to learn about job flexibility in the workplace, including flextime, a compressed workweek, and telecommuting.
18. Mass Society Theory: Definition & Examples
Through this lesson, you will learn what defines a mass society, and gain an understanding of the ways that mass societies influence cultures. When you are through with the lesson, you can test your new knowledge with the quiz.
19. Absenteeism in the Workplace: Causes, Costs & Types
Few, if any, organizations can claim 100% attendance by all employees. In this lesson, you'll learn about the causes and costs of absenteeism. After the lesson, you can test your understanding with a short quiz.
20. Achievement Orientation: Definition & Example
In this lesson we will discuss achievement orientation. We will look at some characteristics of the term and apply it to an example. Finally, there will be a summary of the main points and a quiz.
21. Building Morale in the Workplace: Activities & Exercises
There are many ways to build morale in the workplace. There are little and big things an organization can do to keep morale high. Read on to find out more on how you can incorporate these ideas into your organization.
22. Generation Y in the Workplace
Workplace diversity isn't just about race and gender. In this lesson you'll learn how Generation Y is unique in the workplace and three things that supervisors of Millennials must know.
23. Interactional Justice in the Workplace: Definition & Overview
Find out what interactional justice is and learn about three dynamics of interactional justice in the workplace. Review some examples, and take a brief quiz.
24. Negative Reinforcement in the Workplace: Definition & Examples
Negative reinforcement in the workplace is frequently misunderstood, even by many business professionals. Let's take a closer look at a popular misconception and then explore the true meaning of negative reinforcement.
25. Personal Relationships in the Workplace: Definition & Explanation
We are social creatures, and we can and do develop personal relationships at work. In this lesson, you'll learn about personal relationships in the workplace and related concepts. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
26. Procedural Justice in the Workplace: Definition, Theory & Examples
This lesson will define procedural justice, explain procedural theory in the workplace, and provide examples of procedural justice in a company. Then you can take a brief quiz to assess your understanding.
27. Production Function in Economics: Definition, Formula & Example
In this lesson, you'll learn the definition for the production function and the formula used to calculate a production function. You'll also encounter some examples and see a production function graph.
28. Production Possibilities Curve: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will learn about the production possibilities curve. We'll explore key terms and look at a graph showing how the production possibilities curve functions. The lesson will conclude with a summary and a quiz.
29. Productive Efficiency: Definition & Measurement
In this lesson we will look at productive efficiency. We will define the term, and look at how it is often measured. The lesson will then be concluded with a summary and a quiz.
30. Quality Improvement Management: Methods & Process
Quality improvement management is an area where leaders attempt to create an environment where everyone is looking for ways to make things better. The Plan-Do-Check-Act process is commonly used to improve systems and employee performance.
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