Ch 11: Workplace Productivity & Motivation Lesson Plans

About This Chapter

The Workplace Productivity and Motivation chapter of this course is designed to help you plan and teach techniques to motivate employees in your classroom. The video lessons, quizzes and transcripts can easily be adapted to provide your lesson plans with engaging and dynamic educational content. Make planning your course easier by using our syllabus as a guide.

Weekly Syllabus

Below is a sample breakdown of the Workplace Productivity and Motivation chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.

DayTopicsKey Terms and Concepts Covered
Monday Motivation theory;
Fredrick Taylor and management;
Behavioral management theory;
Hawthorne effect;
Definition of motivation and an overview of behavior-based and needs-based motivation;
Taylor's work with incentives and tasks;
Employee behavior and motivation;
Hawthorne studies of employee productivity
Tuesday Maslow's hierarchy of needs;
Pygmalion effect;
Herzberg's two-factor theory;
Alderfer's ERG theory
Ways to influence employee motivation;
Definition of the Pygmalion effect and how it can change the way employees perform;
Understanding motivation through hygiene factors and satisfiers;
How Alderfer's work relates to employee motivation
Wednesday Acquired needs theory;
Theory X and theory Y;
Equity theory of motivation;
Vroom's expectancy theory
Explanation of the acquired needs of motivation;
Types of managers, self-fulfilling prophecy, the work of Douglas MacGregor;
How to motivate employees through rewards;
Using expectancy to motivate employees
Thursday Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory;
Locke's goal-setting theory;
Reward systems
Motivating employees by positive or negative consequences;
Setting goals as a way to motivate employees;
Encouraging positive employee behavior through extrinsic and intrinsic rewards
Friday Job redesign;
Employee empowerment;
Job flexibility
How managers can motivate employees by changing certain aspects of the job;
Increasing motivation by allowing freedom to the employees in the way they do their jobs;
How managers can use job flexibility as a motivational tool

19 Lessons in Chapter 11: Workplace Productivity & Motivation Lesson Plans
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based

1. Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based

There are two schools of thought used to explain employee motivation in the workplace. Needs-based theory states that employees have certain needs that must be met in order to be motivated to perform. Behavior-based theory believes motivating factors influence behavior towards work.

Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency

2. Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency

Known as the father of scientific management, Frederick Taylor revolutionized management practices. This lesson will discuss the contributions Taylor made to the field of management, most of which are still used today to maximize productivity and efficiency.

Behavioral Management Theory: Understanding Employee Behavior & Motivation

3. Behavioral Management Theory: Understanding Employee Behavior & Motivation

Behavioral management theory was developed in response to the need to account for employee behavior and motivation. The shift moved management from a production orientation (classical leadership theory) to a leadership style focused on the workers' human need for work-related satisfaction and good working conditions.

The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity

4. The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity

Does your behavior change when you think people are watching? This lesson describes the purpose and findings of the Hawthorne studies and their contribution to the practice of management.

The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

5. The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Hunger, thirst, security, friendship, respect and being all that you can be are just some of the things that motivate us to take action. This lesson helps us to further understand these needs and how they motivate behavior by showing where they fall in Maslow's hierarchy of needs.

The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior

6. The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior

Setting expectations for employee performance and behavior is one of the primary responsibilities of management. This lesson defines the Pygmalion Effect and describes how it is used to influence employee behavior.

Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation

7. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation

This lesson describes Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory, which is based on the idea of how hygiene factors and satisfiers or motivators are used to provide satisfaction to employees in work environments.

Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace

8. Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace

Alderfer's ERG theory is a simplified version of Maslow's hierarchy of needs that suggests that all human needs can be accessed and satisfied simultaneously, rather than from the bottom up. Either way, as needs are satisfied, employees are motivated to strive to satisfy a new need.

Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation

9. Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation

Do you act out of a need for achievement, power or affiliation? This lesson describes the acquired needs theory and how one of the three types of needs affect us more than the others.

Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers

10. Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers

Have you ever thought your boss despises you and all your co-workers? Or maybe you've lucked out and your superiors really encourage you to be yourself. This lesson describes the two types of managers you might have, Theory X and Theory Y. Find out how the idea of self-fulfilling prophecies affects employees actions according to Douglas McGregor.

Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort

11. Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort

Have you ever noticed that some employees seem to work harder than others for the same reward? Why does that happen? This lesson explains how equity theory is used by managers to motivate employees by providing a high reward for equivalent efforts on part of the employee.

Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation

12. Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation

Finding the right equation for motivating employees can be challenging. This lesson explains how expectancy theory is used to motivate employees by increasing the motivation to act based on a set of specific criteria.

Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees

13. Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees

In the workplace, there are levels of acceptable behavior. As a manager, it is important to use appropriate techniques that reinforce acceptable behavior and deter inappropriate behavior. This lesson describes how reinforcement theory is used to influence employee behavior through consequences.

Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation

14. Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation

Locke's Goal-Setting Theory uses clear and challenging goals to advance employee motivation in the workplace. Goals that are well defined and challenging to attain are more likely to be met because they hold intrinsic and extrinsic value to the employee.

Reward Systems & Employee Behavior: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Rewards

15. Reward Systems & Employee Behavior: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Rewards

Have you ever wondered why some employees are more motivated than others to work at a higher level of productivity? This lesson explains how managers use intrinsic and extrinsic rewards to reinforce positive employee behavior.

Types of Job Redesign: Job Enrichment, Enlargement & Rotation

16. Types of Job Redesign: Job Enrichment, Enlargement & Rotation

Managers must be aware of ways to increase employee motivation. This lesson describes the various ways to redesign a job to encourage employees, including job enrichment, job enlargement and job rotation.

How to Empower Employees & Improve Employee Performance

17. How to Empower Employees & Improve Employee Performance

Empowered employees have the potential to reach high levels of productivity because they feel in control of their jobs. This lesson will describe how a manager can empower an employee to motivate employee performance.

Job Flexibility in the Workplace

18. Job Flexibility in the Workplace

It's tough to find the right balance between work and life, but many employers are helping to make that task a little easier. Watch this lesson to learn about job flexibility in the workplace, including flextime, a compressed workweek, and telecommuting.

Personal Goal Setting: Definition & Ideas

19. Personal Goal Setting: Definition & Ideas

Everyone sits around daydreaming about what they want to have and do in life. The question is, 'how are we going to do it?' It is important to establish personal goals and then a plan on how to reach them. This lesson shows you how to do that.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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