About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering colonial-era material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about European colonial expeditions. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
- Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
- Students who have fallen behind in memorizing events and people associated with exploration and colonization
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning world history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam
How It Works:
- Watch each video in the course to review all key topics
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
- Complete your review with the World Exploration & Colonization chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: The lessons in this course cover only information you need to know.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Take the World Exploration & Colonization chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any questions about world exploration and colonization. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about colonialism for a standard world history course. Topics covered include:
- The Spanish and Portuguese exploratory expeditions
- Oceanic mapping and land discovery
- Seaborne commerce and piracy conflicts
- The encomienda system of the conquistadors
- Failed English and French colonies in the Americas
- The Jamestown colony settlement
- Scandinavian colonies in North America
- The Mayflower and Plymouth Rock
- The New English colonies and Puritanism
- The economic growth of the 13 American colonies, including the middle and southern colonies
- The rise of the American slave trade
1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas
This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.
2. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries
This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.
3. Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy
This lesson will focus on the improvement of maps, the growth of seaborne commerce, and the piracy that occurred during the Age of Exploration. It will also highlight the famous Sea Dogs of England.
4. Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World
This lesson will discuss the conquistadors of the New World. It will highlight Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro. It will also explain the encomienda system and its impact on the native populations.
5. North American Exploration & Failed Colonies of France & England
Between 1497 and 1607, the rulers and leading citizens of European nations fought to establish their own empires in North America, as Spain had been doing for 100 years in South America. Learn about influential explorers and their failed attempts to establish their own New World colonies.
6. The Settlement of Jamestown Colony
In 1607, the London Company settled the colony of Jamestown. The settlers overcame many odds to become the first permanent, English settlement in North America. In this lesson, learn about the failures and successes of Jamestown before it was taken over by the Crown.
7. New France, New Netherlands & New Sweden: North American Settlements
Spain and England weren't the only European nations trying to establish colonies in the New World. The French had a foothold for more than a century, and the Dutch and Swedish fought for their own places in America.
8. The Mayflower and the Plymouth Rock Settlement
Find out how much you know about the Pilgrims and their voyage. In this lesson, you'll learn about the misplaced Plymouth Colony, its escaped indentured servants, and the Wampanoag Indians who saved their lives.
9. The Puritans and the Founding of the New England Colonies
Learn about the people and motives that led to the founding of Massachusetts Bay Colony, as well as the growth and internal dissent that led to the establishment of Rhode Island, Connecticut and New Hampshire.
10. The Southern Colonies: Settlement and Growth
What led to the use of slavery and the creation of different colonies? In this lesson, learn about the unique purposes and patterns of settlement, growth and society in the southern colonies (Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia).
11. The Middle Colonies: New York, Delaware, New Jersey & Pennsylvania
Learn about the unique identity and diversity of the middle colonies that led America to be called a melting pot. English control of the middle colonies began with the takeover of New Netherland, from which all of the other middle colonies can trace their beginnings.
12. Rise of Slave Trade: Black History in Colonial America
In this lesson, you'll learn a little about the slave trade, the growth and characteristics of slavery in the colonial period - including laws regulating the institution and the population of free blacks in the English colonies.
13. The 13 Colonies: Developing Economy & Overseas Trade
England's intention had always been for the colonies to make them rich. The plan worked, but it became more difficult for England to make sure things stayed that way. And even with regulation, the colonies prospered, too.
14. History of Coffee: Facts & Timeline
Coffee is one of the most important beverages in the world, but how did it get to be so popular? In this lesson, we'll trace the history of coffee and talk about its rise to culinary dominance.
15. British Colonies in Africa: History & Map
In this lesson, you will learn about the British colonies in Africa. We will examine how and why the British siezed them and think about the long-term effects colonialism has had on these colonies.
16. Richard Hakluyt: Biography & Significance
In this lesson we will look at the life and works of Richard Hakluyt, a geographer and writer during the Age of Exploration. Hakluyt compiled works that included travel documents, oral histories and maps.
17. Cultural & Economic Interactions Between Native Americans & Europeans
As Europeans explored and settled in North America, one of the great cultural and economic exchanges in world history began. In this lesson we will learn how Amerinds and Europeans interacted in the 16th and 17th centuries.
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Other chapters within the Major Eras in World History Study Guide course
- The Stone Age
- The Bronze & Iron Ages
- Classical Greece
- Rome & the Holy Roman Empire
- Government & Culture in the Middle Ages
- Renaissance & Reformation
- Revolution & Independence Movements
- The Industrial Revolution & Enlightenment
- A World at War
- The Cold War Era
- The Hittite Empire
- The Neolithic Age
- The Paleolithic Age
- The Mesolithic Age
- The Iron Age
- Iron Age Cultures
- Stone Age People
- Stone Age Cultures
- The Bronze Age
- Bronze Age Cultures