About This Chapter
World War II (1941-1945) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
World War II, which lasted from 1941-1945 for the U.S., was one of the most major wars in which our country has ever been involved. This war featured dictators bent on eradicating whole groups of people, countries forcing their way into power and tragic surprise bombings that left nations stunned. It was actually a surprise bombing in 1941 at Pearl Harbor that got the U.S. involved in this massive war. As you will learn in this chapter, this Japanese act forced America to jump into action. These lessons will highlight important events from the war. Things you will learn include:
- How the war started
- About the holocaust
- Japan's moves during the war
- What the environment on the U.S. home front was like
- About the D-Day invasion
- The impact of the atomic bomb
|World War II: The Start of the Second World War||Study how the second world war got started with Hitler's invasion of Poland and Japan's invasion of China.|
|The Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Beginning of American Involvement in World War II||Learn about the Japanese attack on the U.S naval base in Hawaii on December 7, 1941.|
|The European Theater in World War II: The Eastern Front, Western Front and Fight for North Africa||Examine what was happening in Europe as the war got into full swing.|
|The Holocaust: Anti-Semitism and Genocide in Nazi Germany||Take a look at the attempt to eradicate all Jews and other peoples considered undesirable from German lands.|
|The Pacific Ocean Theater of WWII: Japan vs. The Allies||Explore Japan's early advances and the American strategy of island hopping to push them back.|
|The United States During WWII: The Home Front||Discover what life was like in the U.S. during the war, including a look at the impact on the government.|
|The D-Day Invasion: The Beginning of the End of Nazi Germany||Learn about the allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944 and the events leading up to Hitler's unconditional surrender.|
|Hiroshima and Nagasaki: How the Atomic Bomb Changed Warfare During WWII||Find out about the development of the first atomic bomb and its use in Nagasaki and Hiroshima.|
|The Yalta Conference and The Potsdam Conference: U.S. Diplomacy & International Politics During World War II||See what happened with U.S. diplomacy and the multi-national conference behind the scenes of WWII.|
|American Post-World War: The Lasting Effects on U.S. Government, Society & Economy||Analyze the lasting effects of the war on the U.S.|
1. World War II: The Start of the Second World War
Learn all about the start of World War II and why the League of Nations could not stop aggression by Italy, Germany and Japan in the 1930s, which led to the outbreak of this second global conflict.
2. The Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Beginning of American Involvement in World War II
On December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan launched a surprise attack against Allied possessions in the Pacific, including the American military base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. After decades of conflict between the two nations, the U.S. declared war.
3. The European Theater in WWII: The Eastern Front, Western Front & Fight for North Africa
Hitler and Nazi Germany dominated the European fields of battle early in WWII. This lesson is an overview of key military operations between 1939 and 1943 in Europe on both the Eastern and Western fronts.
4. The Holocaust: Anti-Semitism and Genocide in Nazi Germany
The Holocaust was the persecution and mass murder of as many as 11 million people by Adolf Hitler and the Nazis between 1933 and 1945. Learn about the people they targeted, the progression of events leading up to the Final Solution and the end of the genocide in this lesson.
5. The Pacific Ocean Theater of WWII: Japan vs. The Allies
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the United States entered WWII. Watch this video to learn about some of the key battles, as well as the general nature, of the Pacific theater of the war.
6. The United States During WWII: The Home Front
When the United States entered World War II in December 1941, life changed almost overnight for those on the battle front and on the home front. Learn about the war's dramatic and lasting effects on American government, economy and society.
7. The D-Day Invasion: The Beginning of the End of Nazi Germany
Operation Overlord, the invasion of Nazi-occupied Western Europe, began with the D-Day landings on the beaches of Normandy on June 6, 1944, with Hitler's last stand taking place at the Battle of the Bulge. Learn about these and other events that contributed to the end of Nazi Germany.
8. Hiroshima and Nagasaki: How the Atomic Bomb Changed Warfare During WWII
As America and its WWII allies considered invading Japan, the Manhattan Project successfully developed an atomic weapon. Its use on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, precipitated VJ Day, the end of the Pacific war, on August 14, 1945.
9. The Yalta Conference and The Potsdam Conference: US Diplomacy & International Politics During World War II
Throughout the course of WWII, leaders of many Allied nations met many times to discuss strategy. Then, near the end of the war, two historic conferences shaped the post-war world.
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Other chapters within the History 104: US History II course
- Reconstruction and the Gilded Age (1865-1877)
- Industrialization and Urbanization (1870-1900)
- The Progressive Era (1900-1917)
- American Imperialism (1890-1919)
- The Roaring 20s (1920-1929)
- The Great Depression (1929-1940)
- Post-War World (1946-1959)
- The Cold War (1950-1973)
- Protests, Activism and Civil Disobedience (1954-1973)
- The 1970s (1969-1979)
- The Rise of Political Conservatism (1980-1992)
- Contemporary America (1992-2013)
- Studying for History 104