About This Chapter
World War II: European & Pacific Theaters - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
After the Great War, a number of challenges continued to plague countries around the world. It was during this tumultuous interwar period that events like the Great Depression in the US and the rise of Nazism and fascism in Europe made their impact. In this chapter, you'll learn about the political and economic issues that contributed to World War II. You'll also explore key players in the war as well as major battles in the European and Pacific theaters. These lessons cover multiple WWII topics such as:
- How political agreements and appeasement contributed to WWII
- What caused anti-semitism in Nazi Germany
- Why the United States entered the war
- Why Japan fought against the Allies in WWII
- What impact the atomic bomb had on the war
- What diplomatic efforts were put forth during WWII
|Occupations, Agreements & Appeasement: Causes of the Second World War||Discover how the policy of appeasement as well as multiple political agreements paved the way to world war.|
|World War II: The Start of the Second World War||Examine how interwar politics and conflicts contributed to WWII.|
|The European Theater in WWII: The Eastern Front, Western Front & Fight for North Africa||Explore the key WWII battles involving Germany's attacks on Northern Europe and Eastern Europe.|
|The Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Beginning of American Involvement in World War II||Find out why Japan attacked Pearl Harbor and how it led to U.S. involvement in WWII.|
|The Pacific Ocean Theater of WWII: Japan vs. The Allies||Study why Japan was against the Allies and get details on major Pacific Theater conflicts.|
|The Holocaust: Anti-Semitism and Genocide in Nazi Germany||Take a look at the causes of the Holocaust and the impact it had on Jews in Nazi Germany and beyond.|
|The D-Day Invasion: The Beginning of the End of Nazi Germany||Learn about the participants and military strategies involved with the D-Day invasion of Normandy.|
|Hiroshima and Nagasaki: How the Atomic Bomb Changed Warfare During WWII||Trace the atomic bomb's development and the impact it had on the war.|
|The Yalta Conference and The Potsdam Conference: US Diplomacy & International Politics During World War II||Explore the agreements made among the Allies at the Yalta Conference and Potsdam Conference.|
1. Occupations, Agreements & Appeasement: Causes of the Second World War
In this lesson, we will learn about the events leading up to the Second World War. We will focus on the occupations, agreements, and appeasements that preceded Hitler's invasion of Poland in 1939.
2. World War II: The Start of the Second World War
Learn all about the start of World War II and why the League of Nations could not stop aggression by Italy, Germany and Japan in the 1930s, which led to the outbreak of this second global conflict.
3. The European Theater in WWII: The Eastern Front, Western Front & Fight for North Africa
Hitler and Nazi Germany dominated the European fields of battle early in WWII. This lesson is an overview of key military operations between 1939 and 1943 in Europe on both the Eastern and Western fronts.
4. The Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Beginning of American Involvement in World War II
On December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan launched a surprise attack against Allied possessions in the Pacific, including the American military base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. After decades of conflict between the two nations, the U.S. declared war.
5. The Pacific Ocean Theater of WWII: Japan vs. The Allies
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the United States entered WWII. Watch this video to learn about some of the key battles, as well as the general nature, of the Pacific theater of the war.
6. The Holocaust: Anti-Semitism and Genocide in Nazi Germany
The Holocaust was the persecution and mass murder of as many as 11 million people by Adolf Hitler and the Nazis between 1933 and 1945. Learn about the people they targeted, the progression of events leading up to the Final Solution and the end of the genocide in this lesson.
7. The D-Day Invasion: The Beginning of the End of Nazi Germany
Operation Overlord, the invasion of Nazi-occupied Western Europe, began with the D-Day landings on the beaches of Normandy on June 6, 1944, with Hitler's last stand taking place at the Battle of the Bulge. Learn about these and other events that contributed to the end of Nazi Germany.
8. Hiroshima and Nagasaki: How the Atomic Bomb Changed Warfare During WWII
As America and its WWII allies considered invading Japan, the Manhattan Project successfully developed an atomic weapon. Its use on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, precipitated VJ Day, the end of the Pacific war, on August 14, 1945.
9. The Yalta Conference and The Potsdam Conference: US Diplomacy & International Politics During World War II
Throughout the course of WWII, leaders of many Allied nations met many times to discuss strategy. Then, near the end of the war, two historic conferences shaped the post-war world.
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Other chapters within the History 113: World History II course
- Europe's Age of Exploration
- The Protestant Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era in Europe
- European Colonialism
- Absolute Monarchs in Europe
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century
- The Asian World (1368-1911)
- The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte
- Nationalist Revolutions Across the World
- Industrialization in the Western World
- European Life & Trends
- Imperialism in the 19th-20th Centuries
- Global Transformations in the Early 20th Century
- World War I: Battles & Diplomacy
- Revolution & Nationalism in Asia
- Crisis & Depression Between the World Wars
- Restructuring the World After World War II
- The Spread of Democracy Across the World
- Europe & the United States After 1945
- Latin America after 1945
- Africa & the Middle East After 1945
- Asia & the Pacific After 1945
- Contemporary Global Concerns