About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in Worth Publishers Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover nature, nurture, and human diversity topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will study:
- Behavioral genetics
- Twin studies and heritability
- Adoption studies and personality
- Definition and theories of temperament
- Genetics and personality
- Gene-environment interaction
- Natural selection and adaptation
- Evolutionary change
- Evolutionary psychology
- Definition and differences in sexuality and gender
- The evolutionary theory of love
- Social constructivism and the mediated learning experience
- Peer relationships in middle childhood
- Family values and relationships in adolescence
- Material and nonmaterial cultures
- Mechanisms of cultural change
- Individualistic and collectivistic cultures
- Sex and gender in society
- Nature vs. nurture and gender differences
- Biopsychosocial approach to development
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1. Types of Studies in Behavioral Genetics: Twin, Family & Adoption
Are you destined to inherit your mother's penchant for collecting old postcards or your father's constant worry that something bad is about to happen? Find out with this lesson, which delves into the world of genetic and environmental behaviors and personality traits.
2. Using Twin Studies to Determine Heritability
A twin can be more than a built-in buddy for life. Scientists can use monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs to study the heritability of just about anything, from cancer to behavior.
3. Adoption Study on Personality
In the ongoing debate about nature versus nurture, one of the more influential type of studies is adoption studies on personality. Are adopted children more like their adoptive parents or their biological parents? This lesson reveals the answer.
4. Temperament: Definition & Theories
Some personality traits are with us from birth. In this lesson, we'll examine what temperament is, what it can tell us about how a person is likely to turn out, and look at Jerome Kagan and Mary Rothbart's theories about infant temperament.
5. Is Personality Genetic? - DNA's Influence on Temperament
How do genetics impact a person's temperament and personality? This lesson will introduce the world of behavioral genetics and help you understand the role our genes play in determining who we are and how we act.
6. Gene-Environment Interaction
The following lesson explores how genes and a person's environment influence behavior and outward expression of traits. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding of this timely topic.
7. Natural Selection & Adaptation: Definition, Theory & Examples
How does natural selection help shape the amazing types of animals we witness around us? In this lesson, we'll explore adaptations and what they can tell us about a species' past evolution.
8. Evolutionary Change: Definition and Forms
You've probably heard of Charles Darwin and evolution. We know that evolution is change over time, but here we will look at how these changes may have occurred during Earth's history.
9. Evolutionary Psychology: Theory & Overview
Learn about the theory of evolutionary psychology and its roots in Darwin's studies of natural selection. See how evolutionary psychology affects your likes and dislikes and understand why it's the reason many people are afraid of spiders.
10. Sexuality & Gender: Difference & Definitions
This lesson defines many important concepts, including sexual identity, sexual orientation, sexual preference, gender identity, gender preference, gender adoption, and gender identification. We also go over the three forms of sexual orientation.
11. The Evolutionary Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
In this lesson, we define and discuss evolutionary psychology's theory of love. We also examine the theory's predictions when it comes to differences between a male and female's motivation behind attraction, promiscuity, and jealousy.
12. Social Constructivism and the Mediated Learning Experience
A well-accepted fact among educational psychologists is the idea that knowledge is not absorbed but rather constructed through a person's experiences with his or her environment. This knowledge may be constructed individually or collaboratively. This lesson will briefly explain the processes behind knowledge construction and provide information on how socially constructed knowledge can advance the cognitive development of learners.
13. Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood
As children grow, they become more independent of their parents and turn to their peers more often. In this lesson, we'll examine children's evolving concepts of friendship, peer group norms, social conformity, and social comparison.
14. Family Values and Relationships in Adolescence
During adolescence, teens begin to figure out who they are and what their beliefs are. In this lesson, we'll look at how family values and relationships with family members can influence adolescents' individual values and development.
15. What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture
Culture is a huge topic of study for sociologists. In this lesson, we define culture and distinguish between material and nonmaterial culture. As culture, nation, and society are often used interchangeably, we also distinguish between these three concepts.
16. Mechanisms of Cultural Change: Invention, Diffusion & Innovation
This lesson will seek to explain the concept of cultural change. In doing so, it will highlight the change mechanisms of invention and innovation. It will also explain the different types of diffusion.
17. Individualistic vs. Collectivistic Cultures: Differences & Communication Styles
In this lesson, you will learn the difference between an individualistic and collectivistic culture and how it affects communication styles and message delivery.
18. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics
You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.
19. Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate
Are boys better in math and science courses than girls? Are girls better at activities like dance? Gender stereotypes are abundant in society. Are these stereotypes based on real differences or perpetuated opinions? This lesson focuses on gender differences and the influence of nature versus nurture.
20. Biopsychosocial Approach to Development
The biopsychosocial approach explains human development as a result of biological, psychological and social forces. This lesson will examine this topic and end with a quiz to help you see what you have learned.
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Other chapters within the Worth Publishers Psychology: Online Textbook Help course
- Worth Publishers Psychology Prologue: The Story of Psychology
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 1: Thinking Critically With Psychological Science
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 2: The Biology of Mind
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness and the Two-Track Mind
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 5: Developing Through the Life Span
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 7: Learning
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 8: Memory
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 9: Thinking & Language
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 10: Intelligence
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 11: What Drives Us
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 12: Emotions, Stress, and Health
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 13: Personality
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 14: Social Psychology
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders
- Worth Publishers Psychology Chapter 16: Therapy