About This Chapter
Standard: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence (CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.1).
About This Chapter
Students who exhibit mastery in this standard know how to conceptualize, structure, and compose a persuasive essay on a precise and cohesive topic. They use formal and effective language to introduce and explain their thesis, as well as to present a logical conclusion relating back to the content of their arguments.
The video lectures for this standard offer lessons in:
- Understanding and using basic essay structure
- Composing a strong introduction
- Tips for organizing an essay
- Using ethos, logos, and pathos to draw in the reader
- Understanding the importance of transitions
- Developing and expressing a cogent conclusion
Students show their grasp of this standard by writing clear and convincing essays complete with a compelling introduction, a body that outlines and defends their position, and a logical conclusion. Attention to transitions and an objective tone are evident, as are the anticipation and preemptive refutation of potential counterarguments. Essays that exemplify competency in this standard also include ample evidence compiled from multiple sources.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Following are some suggestions for integrating these tutorials into class lectures relating to the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.1 standard:
Lessons in Balancing Source Material and Original Ideas
Show the video lesson on writing a persuasive essay using several sources during class, or assign it as homework. Then provide students with two source articles with evidence on either side of an issue. Ask them to use whichever article supports their perspective to write one of the body paragraphs of a persuasive essay, focusing on finding the balance between expressing their own ideas (such as in the introductory and concluding sentences) and presenting quotes or paraphrased information from their source.
After viewing the lesson on writing an essay introduction as a class, ask students to choose an essay topic that interests them. Preferably in a computer lab or other research-ready setting, request that students compose an introductory paragraph for their hypothetical essay, giving them a chance to practice constructing an attention-getter, bridge sentences, and a thesis statement.
Logos, Ethos, and Pathos Identification Lessons
Watch the lesson on logos, ethos, and pathos in class. Then give students a written piece that displays all three of these forms and ask them to identify instances of each. Recognizing the use of these appeals in others' writing can help students become familiar with them and learn more easily how to employ them in their own writing.
1. How to Write Well: What Makes Writing Good?
From great ideas to great execution, learn what makes writing 'good' and how to transform your writing from 'okay' to accomplished through the use of specific examples, great ideas, and organization.
2. Basic Essay Structure: The Five-Paragraph Essay
Working with an established essay structure provides writers with the necessary elements of a successful essay. In this lesson, we'll work through the drafting process for the five-paragraph essay and make note of important dos and don'ts.
3. How to Organize an Essay
In this video, we will cover the steps involved in organizing an essay. We'll talk about titles, introductory paragraphs, concluding paragraphs, main points, transition statements and editing.
4. Essay Introduction: Write a Thesis and Capture Your Audience
We'll look at the importance of the introductory paragraph and engaging your audience through the use of attention getters, a bridge, and an arguable thesis. Three of the most common attention getters are specifically defined, and examples are provided in this lesson.
5. What is a Thesis Statement?
Before we can talk about how to write a great thesis statement, you need to be able to identify a great thesis when you see one. Contrary to what you may have been taught, a thesis is so much more than just the last sentence of the opening paragraph of an essay.
6. How to Write a Thesis Statement
Find yourself confounded by thesis statements? Writing an excellent thesis statement doesn't require magic or luck, but it does require a few key elements we'll lay out for you in the lesson that follows.
7. How to Write a Strong Essay Body
This video will show you how to achieve unified, coherent body paragraphs in your essays. By creating well-developed body paragraphs, your essays will be cleaner, sharper and earn you a better grade!
8. How to Write and Use Transition Sentences
Like a road map, transitions guide readers through your essay. This lesson examines the way writers transition between sentences, within paragraphs and between paragraphs to make for a smooth reading experience.
9. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person
Just who is telling this story? In this lesson, we'll look at point of view, or the perspective from which a work is told. We'll review first person, second person and third person points of view.
10. How to Structure an Argument in Your Essay
When you write a persuasive essay, it's important to think about how you'll construct your argument, from how you'll arrange your major points to how and where you'll refute opposing views. This video covers some of the basics for structuring an argument.
11. How to Write a Persuasive Essay and Use Several Sources
In a persuasive essay in which you cite multiple sources, it's important to strike the right balance and use your sources to support your points without depending on them too much. In this lesson, we'll cover how to use multiple sources effectively to support your argument while still fully developing your own ideas in a persuasive essay.
12. Logos, Ethos and Pathos: 3 Ways to Appeal to an Audience in Essays
In this lesson, we will examine the three main types of appeal: logos, ethos and pathos. Appeal is an important aspect to writing, especially when your goal is to inform and/or persuade the reader in some area.
13. Evaluating Reasoning in an Essay or Article
Being able to effectively evaluate reasoning can be helpful to you as you develop your own deductive and inductive reasoning skills and put those skills to work in persuasive essays. This lesson sheds some light on how to evaluate reasoning.
14. Audience Opposition: Anticipating and Refuting Opposing Views in Your Essays
In addition to planning the major argumentative points you'll make when writing a persuasive paper, you should also think about potential opposing views. This video gives you tips for determining how to effectively anticipate and refute opposing views as you write your argument.
15. Using Rhetorical Skills to Write Better Essays
In this video, you will explore the basics of identifying your purpose and audience and learn how to use effective rhetorical skills in your persuasive writing.
16. Concluding Statements: Supporting Your Argument
Many writers spend so much time on the body of their essay that the conclusion seems overwhelming. In this lesson, we'll break down the last paragraph of a persuasive essay and look at what needs to be included.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Writing Grades 11-12: Standards course
- Write Informative Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.2
- Write Narratives: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.3
- Write Clear Essays: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4
- Planning & Revising Writing: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5
- Use Technology for Writing: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.6
- Conduct Research Projects: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7
- Gather Relevant Information: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.8
- Write Routinely: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.10