About This Chapter
Writing Mechanics & Conventions - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter will help you refresh your knowledge of conventional writing techniques. You'll explore grammar development, proper sentence structure, teaching strategies and more. After completing the lessons, you will have reviewed:
- Grammar and punctuation rules
- Helping kids connect reading and writing
- Methods for teaching grammar and writing mechanics
- Identifying a sentence subject
- Using the correct verb form
- Connecting verb tense and subject-verb agreement
- Avoiding 'mixed structure' sentences
- Eliminating sentence fragments, comma splices and run-on sentences
- Types of conjunctions
- Rules for capitalization, punctuation and correct comma usage
We strive to keep the learning experience inviting and effective, so this chapter includes engaging video and text lessons to illustrate the material. You can take a self-assessment quiz after each lesson to test your knowledge. If you need to review a particular portion of the lesson, utilize the timeline below the video for easy navigation. When you're ready, take the cumulative chapter exam to apply all that you've learned.
1. What Is Grammar? - Exercises & Overview
In this lesson, we'll look at the grammatical structure of the English language. What are the basic parts of speech that make up the building blocks of sentences? Keep reading, and you'll see!
2. Patterns of Punctuation & Grammar Development
How do children learn correct grammar and punctuation? View this lesson to find out more about the stages of spoken and written grammar development, as well as how they tie in to the stages of punctuation development.
3. Connections Between Reading & Writing for Children
Reading and writing are intimately connected to each other. While this may seem intuitive to many adults, this isn't always clear to children. In this lesson, we'll look at what teachers can do in the classroom to help students with both.
4. Teaching Grammar & Mechanics: Techniques & Strategies
Grammar and language mechanics are important technical skills for students to learn if they want to become successful communicators. However, teaching these skills can be slightly boring or dry. These techniques and strategies will help you teach grammar and mechanics in an engaging manner.
5. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence
Don't pass over this lesson! You may think you know how to find subjects and verbs in a sentence, but picking them out can be harder than you think. Identifying subjects and verbs is the first step to unlocking nearly everything else about English composition.
6. Verb Forms: Participles & Infinitives
Using verbs correctly involves knowing more than just how to express action in a sentence. This lesson will show you a few special types of verb forms - infinitives, present participles, and past participles - as well as how to use them.
7. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement
Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.
8. Sentence Clarity: How to Write Clear Sentences
Just because you know a good sentence when you read one doesn't mean that you think it's easy to put one together - forget about writing an essay's worth. Learn how to write clear sentences and turn rough ones into gems.
9. Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences
A mixed structure sentence is a common error that occurs when a writer starts a sentence with one structure but switches to a different structure in the middle of the sentence. This video will teach you how to spot and avoid this type of error.
10. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences
Sentence fragments, comma splices, and run-on sentences are grammatical and stylistic bugs that can seriously derail an otherwise polished academic paper. Learn how to identify and eliminate these errors in your own writing here.
11. Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative
Conjunctions are parts of speech that join together other words, phrases and clauses in sentences. Learn all about two types of conjunctions - coordinating and correlative - in this lesson.
12. Capitalization Rules in Writing
Capitalization is a very important concept in standard grammar in the written form of the English language. Watch this video lesson to learn what capitalization is and when to use it.
13. What is Punctuation? - Rules & Signs
In this lesson, we'll find out what punctuation is. We'll then learn some rules for using the most common punctuation marks as well as review sample sentences utilizing the punctuation rules.
14. Commas: Correct Usage & Basic Rules
Think that you know commas? You may be surprised. Even the most experienced writers have problems remembering all the rules. Learn the basics of comma usage in this first of two lessons on the comma.
15. Teaching Grammar to ESL Students
Teaching grammar ESL Students is vastly different from teaching grammar to English speaking students. This lesson will provide tips for effective grammar instruction that will meet the needs for both.
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Other chapters within the TExES English Language Arts and Reading 4-8 (117): Practice & Study Guide course
- Oral Language Development & Instruction
- Teaching Listening & Speaking Skills
- Phonics & Phonological Awareness
- Supporting Emergent Literacy
- Reading Fluency & Comprehension
- Reading Strategies & Practice
- Promoting Literacy in the Classroom
- Literacy Assessments for Texas Educators
- Elements of Literature
- Literary Structure & Elements for Comprehension
- Interpreting Informational Texts & Data
- Understanding Nonfiction & Fiction Genres
- Elements & Genres of Dramatic Literature
- Analyzing & Interpreting Poetry
- Significant Authors, Poets & Literary Works
- Spelling Rules in English
- Writing Instruction for Texas Educators
- Assessing Writing Skills
- Visual Media Literacy in the Texas Classroom
- Research Instruction for Texas Educators
- TExES English Language Arts and Reading 4-8 Flashcards