Aesthetician Job Duties and Employment Outlook

Jun 15, 2021

Aestheticians work with a client's skin, providing treatments including facials, exfoliation and chemical peels and may perform other services, such as hair removal, eyelash sculpting and reducing the signs of aging. Aestheticians need to complete a cosmetology or aesthetician program, and hold a license in most states. They work in a variety of locations, including salons, spas, department stores, hospitals, and doctor's offices.

Essential Information

Aestheticians, also known as skin care specialists, improve clients' skin by performing several different services, including chemical peels and facials. Medical aestheticians treat clients who have undergone procedures or have conditions that have affected their appearance. Aestheticians need to attend an accredited school and complete an aesthetician or cosmetology program. Most states require that aestheticians be licensed, which generally entails training and passing an exam. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Services (BLS) says this is a rapidly-growing field, and employment opportunities should be good for at least the next few years.

Required Education Cosmetology or aesthetician program
Other Requirements Most states require licensing
Projected Job Growth 17% from 2019-29*
Median Salary $34,090 (2019)*

Sources: * U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Job Duties for Aestheticians

An aesthetician provides various treatments for human skin. In order to achieve healthy skin, aestheticians may also monitor their clients' physical and emotional well-being to help them feel better about themselves by working toward healthier lifestyles.

After analyzing the skin with bright lights and magnifiers, an aesthetician performs cosmetic treatments on the face, hands, feet and body. Some treatments include massages, facials, chemical peels and exfoliation. Other services include removing hair, applying makeup, sculpting eyelashes, treating acne and reducing signs of aging.


Many aestheticians work for spas, salons and department stores. Medical aestheticians work at hospitals and physicians' offices. They perform similar services as other aestheticians, but typically work with patients who've undergone medical treatments that have affected their appearance, such as chemotherapy. Burn victims and plastic surgery patients may also use a medical aesthetician's services.

Employment Outlook

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), skin care specialist jobs were expected to grow by 17% from 2019-2029, which is faster than average. In 2019, there were 78,600 skin care specialists employed in the U.S., and the BLS estimated that by 2029, this number would grow to 91,600. Although entry-level jobs should be available, the BLS noted that the best opportunities would go to applicants with past work experience.


Aestheticians earned an annual median salary of $34,090 in May 2019, reported the BLS. The industries employing the most aestheticians as of May 2019 were personal care services and doctors' offices. Aestheticians working in Colorado were paid the most, with an annual mean income of $54,810. Washington, Hawaii, Wyoming, and Massachusetts were also among the highest-paying regions.

Aestheticians are skin care specialists who perform cosmetic procedures in a variety of settings, including salons, spas or medical facilities. Most states require them to complete a training program and pass a licensing exam. The job outlook in this field was predicted to grow at a much faster than average rate from 2019 to 2029, and the median salary was in the high $34,090 in 2019.

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