One way to become an electrician is through an apprenticeship program. Apprentices learn their trade through classroom and on-the-job training. Applicants to these programs usually have a high school diploma or a GED.
An apprentice electrician is an entry-level electrician enrolled in an apprenticeship program to learn the tools and skills necessary to become a certified electrician. As an apprentice, an electrician receives a combination of classroom education and paid on-the-job experience. Skills typically covered include how to design, install and repair commercial or residential electrical systems, as well as how to install and maintain data-telecommunications wiring. A high school diploma or equivalent is typically required to enroll in an apprenticeship program.
|Required Education||High school diploma or GED|
|Projected Job Growth||10% from 2018-2028 (for all electricians)*|
|Average Salary (2019)||$31,402 annually (for an apprentice electrician)**|
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **PayScale.com
According to the National Joint Apprenticeship Training Committee (NJATC) there are four main apprenticeship tracts for interested future electricians, each of which specialize in a part of the process of conducting electricity from sources that generate power to local areas of need (www.njatc.org). The NJACTS tracts include outside linemen, inside wiremen, VDV or low-voltage data-telecommunications technicians and residential wiremen. Apprentice electricians work under the observation of a master electrician or journeyman, building up basic skills, gaining additional tasks and responsibilities as they improve.
In order to qualify for an apprenticeship, aspiring electricians need to have completed a high school diploma or GED equivalent. Apprenticeship programs are offered through a number of technical or community colleges, organizations and unions. The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) and National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA) together sponsor programs of apprenticeship across the United States through the NJATC. These programs usually last four years and involve classroom education on mathematics, electrical code and theory, interpreting blueprints and principals of electrical installation, as well as specialized training depending on what tract of apprenticeship is chosen.
After completing 8,000 hours of apprenticeship work and graduating from an apprenticeship program, entry-level technicians are usually required to become licensed by their state. State requirements vary, but typically include a combination of education, experience and knowledge of state electrical codes.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
In 2018, electricians earned an annual median salary of $55,190, or $26.53 per hour, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). September 2019 reports from PayScale.com indicated that apprentice electricians in the 90th percentile or higher earned $52,000 or more per year, whereas the bottom 10th percentile earned $20,000 or less per year. From 2018-2028, the BLS projected a job growth much faster than average for electricians in general.
Apprentice electricians complete a 4-year program learning their trade. To become entry-level technicians, they are usually required to become state licensed. Median annual salaries for apprentice electricians are around $31,000.