Army Ranger: Job Description, Salary and Outlook

Jan 16, 2020

Learn about the training and preparation needed to become an Army Ranger. Get a quick view of the requirements and details about job duties and salary information to find out if this is the career for you.

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  • 0:01 Essential Information
  • 0:23 Job Description
  • 0:45 Job Duties
  • 1:09 Requirements
  • 1:30 Training
  • 1:50 Salary & Job Outlook

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Essential Information

Degree Level High School diploma or equivalent
Degree Field(s) None
Licensure/Certification Must complete Ranger school
Experience None
Requirements Acceptance to airborne training; assignment to 75th Regiment, pass physical fitness test
Job Outlook (2018-2028) No change
Median Monthly Salary (2020) Based on rank: $1,733.10 (base pay for E-1 private with less than two years of service)
$4,136.40 (base pay for O-1 with six years of service)
Soldiers receive health care, free housing, and food allowances

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Army Rangers are members of an elite special operations force. These highly disciplined and trained members of the U.S. Military execute assault missions in politically sensitive areas and in combat zones. Rangers must be accepted into and complete specialized training programs.

Job Description

Members of the 75th Ranger Regiment are assigned to one of four battalions - three based in Georgia, and another in Washington State. They spend most of their workdays training or preparing for missions. A Ranger's duties require participation in large training exercises that may take place overseas. When not deployed, a Ranger has nights and weekends off from work and earn 30 days of leave annually.

Job Duties

Army Rangers conduct short-term-notice deployments using many methods of infiltration. Army Rangers may make raids into hostile territory to capture enemy personnel or materials. They may rescue civilians or military prisoners of war. Army Rangers can conduct airborne missions. Rangers collect information on their missions to use against enemy forces in subsequent operations. Army Rangers are special operations soldiers who conduct sensitive missions as directed by higher authorities.


Requirements for soldiers include being accepted into airborne training and having an occupation included in the 75th Regiment. Rangers must pass a physical and a technical knowledge exam. They must show good character and be able to attain a clearance for classified information.


Upon conditional acceptance into the Rangers, volunteers must complete the Ranger Assessment and Selection Program (RASP). All RASP students learn basic first aid for use in critical situations. Additional training after assignment to a battalion may include language instruction and U.S. Army Ranger School.

Salary and Job Outlook

Salary for an Army Ranger depends upon rank and length of service. According to the Army's 2020 pay scale, an E-1 private with less than two years of service makes $1,733.10 monthly in basic pay, while a O-1 with six years of service earns basic pay of $4,136.40 monthly.

In addition to basic pay, Army Rangers receive health care, free housing, and food allowances. Some Rangers also earn special supplements based on their skills.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicted that employment opportunities in the military would see little to no change through 2028. However, the BLS notes political events affect the demand for recruits, so employment could vary.

An Army Ranger is a highly elite position in the Armed Services that requires extensive training and skills.

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