Information about Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, the capital city of Georgia, features both a skyline of office towers and neighborhoods of rolling hills and abundant foliage. Founded in 1837 at the end of the Western and Atlantic railroad line, Atlanta has overcome near-total destruction during the Civil War and periods of economic decline to emerge as a key city in the American South. A diverse metropolis of about 456,000 people, as of 2014 U.S. census estimates, Atlanta is the core of a wider metropolitan area that is home to about 5.7 million residents and dozens of multinational corporations.
Atlanta experiences four separate seasons, but winters are generally mild and snow is somewhat of a rarity, as is typical of the South. At the same time, the city's relatively high elevation of around 1,000 feet tempers the hottest weather and generally prevents summertime temperatures from rising above 90 degrees Fahrenheit. The proclaimed capital city of the South, Atlanta has a vibrant nightlife and a variety of cultural offerings, including museums, historical landmarks and outdoor fairs, festivals and concerts.
The Atlanta area is home to a vast array of public and non-profit colleges, universities, technical schools and career and specialty schools. Georgia State University, a public research university enrolling more than 32,500 students, is located in downtown Atlanta. It offers around 200 programs and was ranked the 5th most innovative school among national universities for 2015 by U.S. News & World Report.
Georgia Institute of Technology, perennially one of U.S. News & World Report's top ten public universities, is also located in the city of Atlanta. Georgia Tech is noted for having been the first university in the Deep South to voluntarily desegregate during the civil rights era.
Emory University is located nearby in unincorporated DeKalb County. Emory is highly ranked as both an undergraduate and graduate educational institution and is commonly called a 'Southern Ivy' in reference to the Ivy League universities of the Northeast.
Morehouse College and Spelman College are also found in Atlanta along with Oglethorpe University, Georgia Christian University and Carver Bible College. Technical institutes include Atlanta Technical College and Georgia Piedmont Technical College.
Economy and Employment
The city and its metropolitan area are home to dozens of major corporations, and only New York City and Houston host the headquarters of more Fortune 500 companies. The economy is notably diverse, with high-tech, finance and management professions employing a large percentage of the population, while education, healthcare, retail sales, manufacturing, construction and hospitality sectors maintain a significant presence in the area. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, the world's busiest passenger airport, is located just to the south of the city and is also a major contributor to the economy.