Some bachelor's degree programs in homeland security focus on the implementation of preventative strategies, whereas other programs focus on direct emergency management. These programs use a multi-tiered approach that incorporates theories of business management, criminal justice, social policy and emergency care. In these programs, students learn to prepare communities for potential disasters, implement prevention strategies and create response procedures for different emergencies.
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Bachelor of Science in Homeland Security
Most bachelor's programs require a high school diploma or equivalent for admission. Many homeland security programs examine both global and local topics related to keeping citizens safe during hazardous occurrences. They examine emergency procedures, such as providing crisis victims with supplies, transporting survivors to safer locations and contacting social service providers. Electives in this major can provide training for specific careers, such as port security or hazardous materials management. Required coursework for this degree program may include:
- Emergency preparedness and disaster management
- Response and recovery tactics
- Emergency planning
- Politics and security policies
- Homeland security administration and protection
- Legal rights and security
Popular Career Options
Many graduates from this degree program enter into government security careers at the federal, state and local levels. There are also employers in the private and non-profit sectors looking for applicants with this type of training, including international businesses, private security firms and community safety organizations. Some possible careers may include:
- Immigration inspector
- Secret service agent
- Emergency management specialist
- Border patrol agent
- Occupational health and safety specialist
Continuing Education Information
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), those who enter into law enforcement careers may have to complete additional training, such as police academy or federal law enforcement training (www.bls.gov). As the laws, technology and practices related to homeland security and emergency management change over time, professionals in this industry are expected to keep up with new trends by periodically attending training seminars and continued education coursework. Additionally, graduates can choose to further their education through the completion of a master's degree in homeland security.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
In 2015, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported annual median salaries of $58,320 for police and sheriff's patrol officers, including border patrol agents, and $67,330 for emergency management directors. From 2014-2024, the BLS predicted a job growth of 6% for emergency management directors.
Bachelor of Science in Homeland Security programs help students learn about tactical response procedures as well as related aspects of emergency planning. Depending on career goals, graduates may have to pursue further training, also having the option to bolster their credentials through a master's program.