In BIT programs, students are provided with a broad overview of the IT field. Some academic institutions offer specialization options such as information security, e-commerce, business, software development, or network and systems administration. It is important to note that Bachelor of Science (BS) or Bachelor of Arts (BA) degrees in information technology are more common than BIT programs, and they are typically very similar to BIT degrees. In order to apply to any of these four-year programs, students must have a high school diploma or GED.
Bachelor's Degree in Information Technology
Students are often required to take general education courses, which are designed to build critical thinking, oral, and written communication skills. Courses devoted to IT cover areas such as:
- Programming and web design
- Legal issues in information technology
- Network security methods
- Information systems
- Management of databases
- Financial accounting principles
- Web interfaces
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
Since most bachelor's degree programs in information technology are versatile, program graduates can seek employment as:
- Information systems managers
- Applications development programmers
- Planners of information systems
- Designers of information systems
- Systems analysis and design
- Web design
- Project manager
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), job opportunities for computer and information systems managers are anticipated to increase by 15% between 2014 and 2024 (www.bls.gov). A 17% increase is expected for software developers, and computer systems analysts should see 21% growth during that time. Based on BLS reports from May 2015, computer and information systems managers received $131,600 in median yearly wages. Systems software developers and systems analysts earned $105,570 and $85,800 respectively.
Continuing Education Information
Upon graduating from this type of degree program, graduates can go on to earn advanced degrees in information technology or another closely related field. Master of Business Administration (MBA) degrees with a technology focus are beneficial for computer and information system managers. Certifications offered by specific vendors are also helpful in order to develop and show one's expertise in technologies or software products needed by an employer or industry.
At the bachelor's degree level, there are several program options for students who want to learn about IT. Each provides a comprehensive introduction to the field, enabling students to join the workforce after graduation or pursue graduate-level studies.