Information technology (IT) and databases have created the need to protect client and financial information. An increasing number of business transactions online also contribute to the importance of data security. Students who earn a bachelor's of science degree (BS) degree in information security may find work as IT technicians or information security analysts, while graduates of electronic engineering technology BS degree programs may pursue careers as electronic engineering technologists or technicians. Both degrees take four years to complete and require incoming students have a high school diploma or equivalent.
Bachelor of Science in Information Security
These programs can teach students how to deliver quality IT projects. Students learn to analyze and fix problems in security, like data breaches, hacking and viruses. They may also learn the ethical implications of dealing with users' sensitive information as well as the history of information security. Students typically learn the basics of computer applications and programming. Some common courses may include:
- Network security
- Database management
- Computer networks
- Operating systems
- Computer forensics
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Bachelor of Science in Electronic Technology or Electronic Engineering Technology
Bachelor's degree programs in electronic technology are usually offered separately from information security programs. These programs focus on the maintenance and development of various electronic systems. Students may learn how certain electrical products work, and they also work closely with computers and electrical communications technology. In these programs, students study subjects that are heavy on mathematics, science, applied electronics and computer science. Some common courses may include:
- Tech data analysis
- Tech economics
- Java programming
- Thermal energy
- Circuit analysis
Popular Career Options
Graduates from a Bachelor of Science in Information Security program often have the skills to work in IT as programmers, network administrators or analysts. Their job duties can include working in customer service, identifying security breaches, programming secure data systems and training IT workers. Some common careers may include:
- Security technician
- Security auditor
- IT director
- Security analyst
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), electrical and electronic engineering technicians were expected to see a decline in employment levels of 2% from 2014 to 2024 (www.bls.gov). In 2015, the BLS reported that electrical and electronic engineering technicians earned a median annual salary of $61,130.
Conversely, information security analysts earn a median annual income of $90,120, according to the BLS in May 2015. The job outlook for these professionals is expected to be very strong, with 18% employment growth projected from 2014 to 2024 (www.bls.gov).
Continuing Education Information
Those who receive additional technical training in information security may pursue a master's degree. These programs provide coursework in systems, software and theoretical subjects, like algorithms. Students may also study cryptography and advanced topics in network security. Some programs may require students to complete a thesis or project related to the field.
Beyond the bachelor's degree in Electronic Technology or Electronic Engineering Technology level, students can enroll in master's degree programs in electrical engineering or other subjects related to electronic systems and products. Through Ph.D. programs in electrical engineering, students can be prepared for work in research and academia. These programs commonly offer the opportunity to concentrate in a specific subject and culminate in a dissertation.
For students interested in electronics and information security, a BS degree in Information Security will teach them to protect computer databases. A BS in Electronic Technology will prepare students to build and care for electronic systems.