Bachelor's Degree in Math: Program Overviews

Oct 12, 2019

Both Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and Bachelor of Science (B.S.) programs in math are available, with the main difference between the two being the type of elective courses chosen by the student.

Essential Information

Bachelor's degree programs in mathematics aim to provide students with a wide range of knowledge and skills in math, as well as communication, social sciences and humanities. Those who pursue a Bachelor of Arts in Math typically take more courses in foreign languages, social sciences or humanities subjects, such as history or philosophy. Students earning a Bachelor of Science tend to complete more coursework in topics like physics, computer science or business administration.

Specialization options for math majors include computer science, applied mathematics and mathematics education. While there are no specific educational prerequisites to apply to a bachelor's degree program, some schools require students to hold a minimum GPA and complete specific college-level math coursework before they can declare the major. Others may require minimum scores on the mathematics portion of the SAT test.

Bachelor's Degree in Mathematics

Introductory undergraduate math courses are structured to provide students with knowledge of fundamental concepts and fulfill general education credit requirements. Students are trained in number manipulation, basic problem-solving and critical thinking methods. Some of the common courses include:

  • Essential mathematics
  • Algebra
  • Trigonometry
  • Statistics
  • Calculus
  • Differential equations
  • Linear algebra
  • Logic
  • Abstract algebra
  • Computational number theory
  • Discrete mathematics

Employment Outlook and Salary Information

Mathematics is a diverse field of study. Consequently, graduates with a bachelor's degree in math are eligible for a broad range of employment opportunities, including those in business, industry, technology, government and academia.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) lists several jobs related to math, including those of actuaries. An actuary generally works with insurance policies and pension plans for insurance companies. The BLS reported that the average annual salary for actuaries in 2018 was $116,250, with an expected employment increase of 20% from 2018 to 2028.

Continuing Education Information

There are a number of continuing education options available to graduates of a mathematics bachelor's program. Students interested in teaching mathematics can pursue a master's or education specialist degree that focuses on teaching methods and techniques. Also, a bachelor's degree in math can prepare students for a master's program in a related field, such as computer science, engineering or physics. Higher educational pursuits can also include a graduate certificate program in math or science education. Doctoral programs offer a focus on research in a field specialty, such as statistics or complex algorithms.

Students in math bachelor's programs explore not only fundamental and advanced mathematics concepts, but also topics in the humanities, social sciences and physical sciences. Some programs allow students to specialize in education or applied mathematics, among other options. Career options vary widely, though work in the education, insurance and business sectors is common for graduates.

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