A band director's level of education usually determines their duties and place of employment. An undergraduate degree may be sufficient for a position as a band director, though many opt for a graduate degree as it will furnish them with more job opportunities.
Band directors are responsible for leading orchestras or other musical groups during musical performances or recording sessions. Band directors select musical arrangements and practice arrangements. In order to have a career as a band director, a minimum of a bachelor's degree in music is usually required.
|Required Education||Bachelor's degree in music related field|
|Other Requirements||State teacher certification|
|Projected Job Growth (2018-2028)*||1% for music directors and composers|
|Median Annual Salary (2018)*||$49,630 for music directors and composers|
Source: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics*
Band Director Educational Requirements
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the minimum education needed to become a band director in any setting is a bachelor's degree in an appropriate music field, which could include music education or performance on a specific instrument (www.bls.gov). The BLS further stated that education requirements for prospective band directors in academic institutions ranged from undergraduate to doctoral degrees, depending on the type and level of institution, and whether it was public or private.
Bachelor's Degree Programs
Although private schools and community organizations may not require a band director to have an undergraduate degree, band directors in public elementary, middle and schools are teachers who must have a bachelor's degree and state teacher certification or licensing, the BLS said. Undergraduate music education programs prepare students for careers as school band directors through classes in music history and theory, instrument-specific teaching methods and conducting, as well as through student teaching internships. They also gain experience performing solo and in musical ensembles, which can help them teach others to do the same.
Master's Degree Programs
The BLS noted that a master's degree is often sufficient for postsecondary teaching positions at 2-year colleges, and sometimes for positions in the arts, such as music, at 4-year colleges and universities. A master's degree program in music education provides additional advanced training in conducting, teaching skills, music education administration and leadership and opportunities to apply experience in lessons and groups. In these programs, students enhance their theoretical knowledge by studying the psychology of music and completing research.
Doctoral Degree Programs
A doctoral degree in music education provides prospective college band directors with the knowledge to lead a variety of music ensembles, give lessons and teach both undergraduate and graduate courses. Doctoral music programs may be divided into teaching or research tracks and allow music educators to develop their expertise in curricular, pedagogical and administrative aspects of the arts.
Training Requirements for Band Directors
The BLS recommends that those interested in music careers have the dedication necessary to practice and improve, and a passion for increasing their knowledge of musical styles and technique. Additionally, teaching careers require individuals who are able to communicate with and encourage others, in order to foster their creativity and motivate them to succeed. Participating in or giving music lessons, joining ensembles and assuming leadership roles will help prospective band directors test their abilities by using them.
Band directors in school settings may participate in professional development and continuing education courses, and some states require this for renewal of teaching licenses. Professional organizations, such as the High School Band Directors National Association (www.hsbdna.org) and the College Band Directors National Association (www.cbdna.org) grant teachers the opportunity to network with other band directors and enhance their skills in the classroom.
Salary and Employment Outlook
While the BLS doesn't specifically have data for band directors, it did find that the related field of music directors and composers earned an average annual salary of $59,790 in 2018. These professionals were expected to see employment minimal or no change during the 2018-2028 decade, the BLS predicted.
Experience, education, and a passion for music are the ideal qualifications of a band director. They can teach in schools, lead orchestras, or work with other musical assemblages. Band directors may hold a bachelor's, master's, or doctor's degree, each of which has a different curriculum. Completing continuing education courses may be required, and membership in professional organizations may help them advance in their careers.