Becoming a Day Care Owner
Day care owners are childcare workers who provide a place, either in their home or in a commercial facility, for children of working parents to stay during the day. They are responsible for the safety, health, nutritional needs and educational development of children.
These workers are often self-employed, which allows them to set their own schedules. However, day care owners may need to work long hours to accommodate parents' work schedules. Both full- and part-time work may be available.
To work in a day care, some key skills are required. These include strong verbal and written communication skills, the ability to instruct, people skills and patience.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) childcare center directors earned a median annual salary of $45,670 in 2015.
Step 1: Consider Earning an Associate's Degree
While no formal education is required for this career, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that having a certificate or degree, such as an associate's degree in child development or early childhood education, can help aspiring day care owners find entry-level work in childcare and can expand career opportunities.
The BLS also reports that Head Start programs require workers to pursue an associate's degree or credential in a childcare field. Community colleges often offer associate's degree programs in child development and early education. Courses of study may include child psychology, first aid, sociology, safety and nutrition.
Step 2: Gain Work Experience
Before a childcare worker can operate his or her own day care, he or she must have prior experience in a childcare setting, such as another day care or a preschool or kindergarten class. Aspiring day care owners can benefit from working alongside experienced professionals and learning new skills and childcare techniques outside of a classroom setting.
- Consider certification. While certification may not be required in every state, it can help aspiring daycare owners stand out as professionals in the field. The Council for Professional Recognition awards the Child Development Associate credential to workers who meet eligibility requirements for education and experience, provide parent surveys, submit to observation and complete an exam.
Individuals who have teaching experience can obtain the Certified Childcare Professional (CCP) designation from the National Child Care Association. In order to earn the CCP, workers must have a high school diploma, have completed 720 hours of teacher-supervised classroom experience within the last five years and pass an exam.
Step 3: Develop a Business Plan
Because day care owners are essentially self-employed, they must develop a business plan to decide how their daycare will be run. Day care owners must decide if they intend to operate their business from their homes or if they want to rent or purchase a facility to house the daycare. Owners will also need to create a budget, consider hiring additional employees and deal with marketing and promoting their businesses. Additionally, owners must be sure that their business plan follows all state laws and regulations regarding childcare centers.
Step 4: Obtain Licensure
Most states require day care centers and family childcare providers to be licensed to ensure that children are receiving quality care in a safe environment. Some states require an orientation as part of the registration/licensure process. License application requirements vary by state, but can include background checks of staff, proof of required training for each employee, home inspections and copies of corporate documents.
Step 5: Continue Education
Day care owners may complete continuing education to assist them with the daily tasks of operating a business. Owners can take individual courses in business administration, accounting or management, or enroll in a higher degree program, such as a bachelor's program in child development or education. Continuing education is also required to renew certifications and/or licensure.
When it comes to becoming a day care owner, experience with children is more valuable than having a formal education. However, many states require day care owners to gain licensure and possibly even certification.