Geotechnical engineers analyze, plan, and construct foundations and support structures. These professionals use engineering principles and applications to ensure a structure's stability against earthquakes, mud slides and other natural events. Geotechnical engineers often work in offices; they also conduct site visits and field work. Depending on the job, a geotechnical engineer might put in overtime to ensure a project is completed on-time.
|Degree Level||Bachelor's degree required; some employers prefer a graduate degree|
|Degree Field||Civil engineering|
|Licensure||Licensure as a Professional Engineer (PE) may be required|
|Key Skills||Math skills; writing; problem solving skills; ability to operate software such as Trimble Geomatics Office, geographic information system GIS software, CAD; ability to use tools such as scales, distance meters and levels|
|Salary (2020)*||$66,736 (median for geotechnical engineers)|
Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monster.com (December 2012 job postings), O*Net Online, *PayScale.com
Earn a Degree in Engineering
Bachelor's degree programs in civil, geotechnical, geological, and environmental engineering typically last four years and include general education courses in English, social science, and the humanities, as well as courses in advanced mathematics, structural geology, and fluid mineralogy. Students may also take courses in computer-aided design (CAD), using advanced principles to create, analyze, and review designs. Prospective engineers should seek schools approved by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET).
Find Entry-Level Work
Entry-level employees evaluate and design support structures such as retaining walls, embankments, and anchoring systems. Engineers may use CAD software to design and test structural models and components. Other duties may include taking soil samples, analyzing geotechnical reports, and reviewing construction specifications. Entry-level geotechnical engineers may also be required to spend time in adverse weather conditions.
As new hires gain experience, they may become more involved in complex projects. Geotechnical engineers may analyze specifications for bridges, develop support systems for tunnels, and assess sustainability issues for dams. These professionals can also take on project management duties such as cost analysis, budgeting, and estimating project duration.
Attain a License
All states require engineers to be licensed. While requirements vary by state, licensure generally includes completing an accredited engineering program, showing four years of documented work experience, and passing a state examination. College graduates may consider taking the first part of the state-licensing exam on the fundamentals of engineering. Those who pass the exam are referred to as engineers-in-training (EITs).
EITs with four years of documented work experience are qualified to take the second licensing exam. Those who successfully complete the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam become Professional Engineers (PEs). Some states may require continuing education for PEs, such as completing college-level coursework, attending educational seminars, or publishing research papers.
Obtain Professional Certification
Experienced engineers may opt to become certified by the American Society of Civil Engineers. Voluntary certifications are available in the geotechnical, water resources, and marine subdivisions. Certification requirements may include 8-12 years of engineering practice and postgraduate study, providing geotechnical engineers the opportunity to keep their knowledge current and to learn emerging technologies, which may make them more competitive when seeking advanced or specialized positions.
In summary, the road to becoming a geotechnical engineer includes earning a bachelor's degree, finding entry-level work, gaining experience, attaining a license, and looking into the possibility of obtaining voluntary certification from the American Society of Civil Engineers.