Subsea engineers design, implement and maintain the structures, tools and equipment used in the underwater components of offshore gas and oil production. Work may be quite solitary, and the maintenance phase might require travel to remote locations.
|Degree Level||Bachelor's degree; master's degree preferred|
|Degree Field||Subsea engineering, mechanical engineering, ocean engineering|
|Licensure and/or Certification||Professional engineer (PE) license may be required by employers|
|Experience||4-10 years of experience in an engineering field|
|Key Skills||Strong organizational skills, ability to prioritize assignments, good judgment and problem-solving skills, familiarity with Microsoft Office and computer-assisted drafting (CAD) software|
|Salary (2015)||$160,347 yearly (median)|
Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, job postings (November 2012), PayScale.com (July 2015)
According to PayScale.com, subsea engineers earn a median annual salary of $160,347 as of May 2015.
Let's now go over the steps to becoming a subsea engineer.
Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree
Individuals interested in becoming a subsea engineer must have a bachelor's degree in an engineering major, such as mechanical engineering, petroleum or ocean engineering. These programs teach students how to apply science, math and engineering knowledge to modern technology, including aerospace, power generation and biomechanics. Some engineering schools may offer pre-engineering programs, while others offer a combined bachelor's and master's degree program.
Students should ensure their degree program is accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). A degree from an ABET-accredited program is required for a professional engineering license and may be required by some employers.
- Participate in an internship. Internships and co-op programs can improve mechanical engineering students' knowledge and training, as well as introduce them to the various engineering careers available in this industry.
Step 2: Gain Work Experience
Individuals with an undergraduate degree in mechanical engineering may find jobs related to subsea engineering within the offshore oil industry. According to various job postings, employers look for individuals to design and implement new products, develop engineering plans and procedures and oversee contract requirements with vendors. Employers also look for individuals who can prioritize assignments, organize projects and assist clients. Gaining work experience is also essential to earning the professional engineer (PE) license, which may be required by employers.
Step 3: Obtain a Graduate Degree
Individuals may want to pursue a graduate degree in subsea engineering for continuing education and advancement opportunities. As of November 2012, there was just one subsea engineering graduate degree program in the U.S. This program focuses on the practices and basic sciences involved in underwater engineering. Courses include convection pipeline and riser design, heat transfer, applied mathematics and flow assurance. Other topics include subsea materials, corrosion, systems and control. Students must also complete a major design project.
Another graduate option is a master's degree in ocean engineering. This program teaches students how to solve engineering problems associated with an ocean environment, including working with offshore structures, oil rigs and underwater robots. Students also learn how to develop ways that materials can withstand wave forces and prevent corrosion.
Step 4: Earn Professional Credentials
Experienced subsea engineers may want to earn a professional credential to demonstrate their knowledge and expertise. The National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying, a national nonprofit organization, offers a professional license for engineers and surveyors. This PE credential allows engineers to stamp and seal designs, offer consulting services, perform public services, bid for government contracts and be a principal partner in a firm.
Candidates must earn a degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program, pass the Fundamentals of Engineering exam, have at least four years of acceptable work experience and pass the Principles and Practice of Engineer exam to complete the licensing process.
In summary, the steps to becoming a subsea engineer include earning a bachelor's degree in an engineering major, gaining relevant work experience, pursing a graduate degree in subsea engineering and earning a professional credential from the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying.