Career Definition for a Behavioral Therapist
Behavioral therapists study the theory and principles of behavioral therapy and how to apply those principles to the treatment of specific disorders. They work with clients to develop alternative responses to behaviors that are causing them distress. Behavior therapists may work with clients who suffer from anxiety disorders, mood disorders, anger management issues, depression, and a variety of addictions and phobias. Behavior therapists may work in solo or group practices, hospitals, schools, and social services centers.
|Substance Abuse and Behavior Disorder Counselors||Mental Health Counselors||Clinical and Counseling Psychologists|
|Education||Some jobs require just a high school diploma, most require a bachelor's||Master's||Doctorate in psychology|
|Job Skills||Teaching skills, interpersonal skills, communication skills||Compassion, interpersonal skills, patience||Communication skills, observational skills, problem-solving skills|
|Median Salary (2017)*||$43,300||$43,300||$75,090 (all clinical, counseling, and school psychologists)|
|Job Outlook (2016-2026)*||23% growth||23% growth||14% growth (all clinical, counseling, and school psychologists)|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Behavioral therapists often hold a doctoral degree in psychology, either a Ph.D or Psy.D., and possess relevant clinical work experience and professional certification. Mental health counselors need a master's degree. Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors may be able to get a job with a high school diploma, though many have higher education. Licensing, which may vary by state, is required for all clinical psychologists and mental health counselors and is required for some behavioral disorder and substance abuse counselors.
The National Association of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapists offers several certifications for behavioral therapists, like the Certified Cognitive-Behavioral Therapist and Diplomate in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy credentials, www.nacbt.org. Certification requires a master's or doctoral degree in a relevant field and several years of experience in behavior therapy.
Behavioral therapists should possess outstanding interpersonal skills, including leadership and discretion. Behavioral therapists also need business skills if they intend to run their own practices. And behavioral therapists require excellent written communication skills for record-keeping and writing reports.
Career and Economic Outlook
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) forecasts that employment of mental health counselors and substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors should grow at a faster-than-average rate between 2016 and 2026, as more people have health insurance than in the past. Jobs for psychologists were also expected to increase at a faster-than-average pace, particularly in hospitals, mental-health facilities and agencies providing social services.
Substance abuse, behavior disorder, and mental health counselors earned a median salary of $43,300, and clinical and counseling psychologists had a median salary of $75,090 in May 2017, per the BLS.
Alternate Career Options
Similar career options within this field include:
School and Career Counselor
By earning a master's degree in school counseling or a similar field, these counselors then guide students toward success in school or help individuals choose educational programs and career goals. Most public school counselors need to be licensed, though requirements vary by state. The annual median salary, in general, was $55,410 in 2017, per the BLS, with those working for insurance carriers and the federal government earning the top wages. The BLS also predicted faster than average employment growth of 13% in this field from 2016-2026.
Rehabilitation counselors assist individuals who have physical or emotional disabilities, in their quests for independent living. These professionals are required to have a minimum of a master's degree in rehabilitation counseling or a similar field. A faster than average increase in jobs was projected by the BLS, with 13% growth expected from 2016 through 2026 versus 7% across all occupations. These counselors earned an annual median salary of $34,860 in 2017.