After graduating from medical school, aspiring cardiologists can pursue residencies and fellowships in the field. These programs are often provided through medical schools. Cardiology programs provide students with an understanding of core medical knowledge, as well as hands-on clinical practice and research opportunities in this specialized field. Top programs are offered through the University of Pennsylvania, Stanford University, and Cornell University, each of which was highly ranked by U.S. News & World Report for 2017.
University of Pennsylvania
The University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia was ranked 8th on U.S. News & World Report's 2017 list of the best national universities. It also received a 4th-place ranking for its internal medicine program. Penn Medicine's residencies in cardiovascular surgery give residents the chance to apply surgical techniques in all three subspecialities of cardiovascular surgery, including adult cardiac, general thoracic, and congenital heart surgery. Penn Medicine also offers a 3-year Cardiovascular Disease Fellowship in which the third year is based on a fellow's specific interests within the field of cardiovascular medicine.
Stanford University was ranked 5th on U.S. News & World Report's 2017 list of the top national universities, while its medical school received a 10th-place ranking for its internal medicine program. Medical students interested in studying cardiology at Stanford will first follow a core curriculum, and eventually have the opportunity to choose a scholarly concentration in one of the eight foundation areas. After choosing a foundation area, students have the option of applying what they've learned to a specific area of medicine, one being cardiovascular pulmonary.
Once students have completed their medical education, they are ready for a residency program, during which they may rotate through cardiology consultation services at the VA hospital and the Coronary Care Unit at Stanford University. Finally, 3-year fellowships are available in the field of cardiovascular diseases. These programs include laboratory and clinical research requirements at the Palo Alto VA Medical Center; advanced fellowships are available in several specialized cardiology subfields, such as cardiac electrophysiology, interventional cardiology, and adult congenital heart disease.
The Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University helped introduce such developments as the cardiac care unit and treatment techniques for heart attacks and congestive heart failure. The college offers fellowships in electrophysiology, advanced heart failure and transplant cardiology, interventional cardiology, and cardiovascular disease. In addition to advanced studies in a subspeciality, these 3-year programs include preparation for the American Board of Internal Medicine certification exam in cardiovascular disease. For 2017, Cornell was ranked 15th among national universities by U.S. News & World Report, and 13th among the top internal medicine programs.
Top Cardiology Programs
Here are some other universities providing relevant training programs in the field of cardiology:
|University of Alabama-Birmingham||Birmingham, AL||Offers six research programs for cardiology fellows, including those in cardiovascular MRI research and nuclear cardiology research|
|University of Michigan||Ann Arbor, MI||Placed 6th on U.S. News & World Report's 2017 list of the best schools with internal medicine programs|
|University of Rochester||Rochester, NY||The Aab Cardiovascular Research Institute uses new technologies, treatments, and diagnostic tests|
|University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center||Dallas, TX||Offers cardiology services to around 600 patients each month|
|University of Washington||Seattle, WA||For 2017, U.S. News & World Report ranked the university 7th on its list of best schools with internal medicine programs|
|Yale University||New Haven, CT||Students have access to four research centers, such as the Yale Cardiovascular Research Center and the Yale Translational Imaging Research Center|
Many of the best medical schools in the country have top-notch educational offerings for aspiring cardiologists. These include fellowships and residencies that can prepare graduates for board certification exams as well as cardiovascular medical education for students seeking an MD.