Earning an associate's degree in public administration can prepare graduates for entry-level careers in local, state or government agencies, as well as with nonprofit organizations. It is a suitable course of study for both high school graduates or mid-career professionals who are interested in moving into the public sector. Students enrolled in such a program may gain a foundational understanding of public sector institutions, community action agencies and human services organizations in the United States.
Associate's Degree in Public Administration
An associate's degree in public administration is targeted towards individuals who would like to gain a greater knowledge of how various domestic public institutions interact. It is most often pursued by individuals who wish to enter the public sector. An associate's degree in public administration provides students with the practical education and skills necessary to run an administrative staff or department. Students learn the basics of financial accounting, human resources, organizational management, problem-solving and budgeting. Common course topics include:
- Introduction to American government
- Principles of public administration
- American state and local government
- Business and public policy
- Administrative law
- Public program evaluation
Popular Career Options
An associate's degree in public administration typically only prepares graduates for entry-level positions in the field. Individuals interested in advancing can either work their way up the corporate ladder or earn a higher degree by transferring their associate's degree credits to a baccalaureate program. Entry-level positions may include:
- Legislative staffer
- Information specialist
- Grant writer
- Occupational safety coordinator
- Program administrator
- Accounting or auditing clerk
- City planning clerk
- Human services assistant
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that occupational health and safety technicians could expect a job increase of 6% between 2018 and 2028. These workers earned a median salary of $93,280 per year in May 2018.
Continuing Education Options
Colleges and universities offer both bachelor's and master's degree programs in public administration for individuals who are interested in furthering their education. Individuals who are interested in pursuing research or teaching opportunities in the field of public administration might even consider enrolling in a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) program in the field.
Public administration students pursuing an associate's degree will complete courses related to principles of public administration, government, and business and public policy. Graduates with this degree may seek employment in entry-level positions, but can continue their education for a bachelor's degree to advance in their careers!!!Essential Information
Certificate programs in biotechnology management are in most cases a mix of science and business concepts. Programs are available at the certificate and master's degree levels, although year-long certificate programs are relatively rare compared to 2-year degree programs. Biotechnology management fields include marketing and branding and crisis management. Programs are also available online. Applicants must have a bachelor's degree, preferably in biological sciences and previous business courses.
Certificate in Biotechnology Management
Certificate programs are shortened versions of biotechnology management master's degree programs consisting of 4-6 courses. Possible course titles include the following:
- Biotechnology social issues
- Biotech development process
- Early stage drug commercialization
Master's Degree in Biotechnology Management
A master's degree program in biotechnology management engages life science research as both a process of knowledge acquisition and as a business activity. Finance, technological innovation, business competition and public policy in the biotech industry and the interaction between these factors are the primary topics considered in a program. Some have collaborative relationships with leading companies in the industry through which students can take part in hands-on projects. Courses in genetics, biochemistry and molecular biology are a core component of some programs. Others may require courses in bioinformatics and project management. Students will be versed in these areas during their graduate work:
- Global management of pharmaceuticals
- Managed care concepts
- Biotechnology industry review
- Biotechnology research projects
- International pharmaceutical marketing
- Biotechnology regulation policy and ethics
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that biochemists and biophysicists may have an 6% job growth for the years 2018-2028. These workers made median annual wages of $93,280 as of May 2018. Graduates of a certificate program can advance an existing career or transition to new opportunities in the life science industry. Entrepreneurial and management-level positions are available to certificate holders in the following areas:
- Business development
- Product development
- Venture capital
Continuing Education Information
People who earn a graduate certificate can apply their credits towards a master's degree in many cases. A few schools having both certificate and master's degree programs in biotech management accept transfers from one to the other automatically.
Those interested in continuing their education in biotechnology management can complete a master's degree or a shortened certificate program. Throughout these programs, students complete interdisciplinary coursework and research that prepare them for supervisory-level positions.