Building Engineer: Job Description & Career Info

Dec 18, 2020

Career Definition for a Building Engineer

Building engineers act in a similar capacity to construction managers, utilizing a mixture of construction knowledge and engineering principles. Building engineers analyze reports, help design structures, and manage contracts and budgets. They also create construction schedules and keep construction sites in compliance with applicable laws.

Education Requirements Bachelor's degree
Skill Requirements Attention to detail, math skills, troubleshooting and communication
Median Annual Salary (2019) $87,060 for civil engineers
Career Outlook (2019 to 2029) 2% growth for civil engineers

Source: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Education Requirements

Building engineers typically have a 4-year Bachelor of Science in Engineering with an emphasis in construction. Courses may include engineering mechanics and construction surveying, safety, equipment and estimating. Building engineers may need a professional engineers' (P.E.) license.

Skills Required

Building engineers are involved in technical aspects of construction projects, so attention to detail is important. They also must have excellent math skills and the ability to troubleshoot on-site problems and analyze plans. Strong communication skills are paramount to make sure information flows smoothly from design to construction.

Career and Economic Outlook

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (, jobs in civil engineering are expected to grow 2% from 2019 to 2029. The BLS reported that civil engineers made a median annual salary of $87,060 as of May 2019.

Alternative Careers

Alternative careers in this field include:

Construction Manager

Although some tasks overlap those of a building engineer, construction managers oversee sub-contractor activities and contract preparation instead of focusing on structural engineering. They also communicate progress and issues to clients, hire and schedule subcontractors, make sure expenses are kept within the budget and motivate workers to meet deadlines. For larger projects, a bachelor's degree in engineering, construction management or architecture may be required.

However, many construction managers have less education but many years of experience working in the construction industry. Professional certification from the Construction Management Association of America and the American Institute of Constructors could also provide a competitive advantage when seeking a job. Based on predictions from the BLS, employment of construction managers is expected to increase by 8% during the 2019 to 2029 decade. The BLS also determined that the median yearly salary for these construction professionals was $95,260 in 2019.


For those more interested in designing buildings and calculating construction costs, becoming an architect may be the right career move. Architects discuss ideas with clients, calculate material and labor expenses, produce detailed drawings, direct drafters in the development of blueprints, visit construction sites to observe progress and put together contracts.

A bachelor's degree in architecture usually takes five years to complete and is required by most employers. Licensure is also required by all states and involves earning an architect degree, passing the Architect Registration Exam and completing an internship with a licensed architect.

There were 105,850 architects employed in the U.S., as seen in 2019 figures from the BLS, and architects not in the landscape or naval industry received a median annual income of $80,750 in 2019. Job opportunities for architects are projected to increase by 1% from 2019 to 2029, and the BLS stated that many new jobs will be in the sustainable design industry.

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