Business Consultant: Job Description and Career Requirements

Sep 27, 2019

Although the minimum educational requirement for becoming a business consultant is a bachelor's degree, a master's degree or other professional certification can be beneficial for career advancement. These professionals work on diverse projects designed to improve aspects of a business.

What is a Business Consultant?

Business consultants, also known as management analysts, work in areas that include marketing, human resources, management, and accounting. Consultants help improve companies by assessing weaknesses and recommending solutions. Most business consultants hold a bachelor's degree, but job opportunities may be best for consultants with a master's degree and/or professional certification.

Required Education At least a bachelor's degree
Certification Optional through a professional organization
Median Salary (2018) $83,610 (for all management analysts)*
Projected Job Growth (2018-2028) 14% (for all management analysts)*

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Business Consultant Job Description

Business consultants provide an analysis of the existing practices of a company and make recommendations for improvements. These professionals frequently specialize in one area of business management, such as human resources. For example, a hospital may hire a medical business consultant to help further develop its employee training programs or a distribution center may hire a logistics business consultant to streamline its shipping department.

What Does a Business Consultant Do?

Duties for business consultants generally begin with understanding what clients wish to improve or fix. This may include reviewing financial statements, evaluating competitors, and analyzing business practices. Once the research is complete, business consultants may develop a new business model or prepare recommendations and present them to the client.

Requirements for Becoming a Business Consultant

Consultants typically need a minimum of a bachelor's degree in business management or business administration. Other business-related fields, such as marketing or accounting, may also be appropriate for those entering this career. Courses in a business program likely include accounting, management principles, financial modeling, business law, marketing, and communications.

An advanced degree, such as a Master of Business Administration (MBA) with a specialization in consulting, may improve career possibilities and may result in higher starting salaries. Programs typically include courses in strategic management, consulting practices, and business development.


Employers may favor consultants who are certified. The Institute for Management Consultants (IMC U.S.A.) offers the Certified Management Consultant credential to consultants who pass a series of written and oral exams. This certification lasts three years, and it may be renewed by completing academic courses or other requirements set by the IMC U.S.A.

Job Outlook and Salary Information

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) categorized business consultants as one type of management analyst. The BLS expects the employment of management analysts to increase much faster than average, by about 14%, between 2018 and 2028. The BLS also reported that the median annual salary among such analysts was $83,610 in May 2018.

Business consultants typically specialize in a specific area of business management, such as healthcare or human resources. It is important to possess strong research and analytical skills in this profession, as consultants are often hired to help clients improve or fix upon an area of their business.

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