Industrial-organizational psychologists are the only psychologists who do not need a doctoral degree in order to practice - most I/O programs result in master's degrees. Bachelor's degree programs offer a basic business psychology education as preparation for a wide range of entry-level jobs or further study at the graduate level. Students of I/O psychology can expect to learn about the following concepts:
- Human behavior, motivations, and attitudes at work
- The psychology of leadership
- Personnel selection, training, and assessment
- Communication, conflict resolution, and negotiation
- Research design and methods
Typically, master's degrees in industrial-organizational psychology will culminate in a written dissertation or thesis.
List of Common Courses
Orientation to Business Psychology Course
This class addresses professional concerns within the business psychology industry. Students explore career paths in business psychology while studying the history of the field. They learn techniques for finding internships and obtain information about academic and practitioner organizations. Resume-building assistance might be provided.
Organizational Psychology Course
This class gives an overview of principles of behavioral science in the business world. Topics covered include human engineering, techniques for selecting employees, work motivation, organizational development theory and decision-making. Effective communication and diversity in culture are other focal points of this course.
Other subjects might include consumer psychology, personnel psychology, job satisfaction and performance evaluations. Psychology is applied to business and interpersonal relationships in the workforce. Group dynamics and the importance of employer-employee relations are emphasized.
Industrial Psychology Course
In this course, students look at different attitudes and behaviors in the workplace. Possible consequences and causes of these behaviors are discussed. Topics may encompass organizational behaviors and commitment, stress, motivation and customer service.
Personnel Selection Course
Students explore job selection and recruitment procedures, as well as decision-making with regards to employment. They also might examine employee testing techniques and validation systems. Information on collecting and analyzing employee data typically is provided.
Managerial Psychology Course
Students learn about performance appraisal and job analysis procedures. They explore systems for validating work context, work content and job performance. Instructors also might teach students to create methods for monitoring and gauging job performance.
Training and Development Course
This class examines all aspects of developing, designing and implementing training programs. Discussions often focus on adult learning principles, learning motivation and methods of instruction. Students also might explore design models for instructional systems.