CSS Programmer: Career Profile

Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a CSS programmer. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as details about training, job duties and certification requirements to find out if this is the career for you.

CSS programmers help to create user-friendly web applications for clients. The basic educational requirement for this field is an associate's degree or a bachelor's degree, and internships through those programs are often valuable preparation for real-world employment.

Essential Information

CSS programmers must have at least a certificate and several years of experience that demonstrate a solid knowledge of HTML markup and other web applications; however, an associate's or bachelor's degree and familiarity with other programming languages is usually required. As professionals, they are able to problem-solve programming challenges and build real-world software, and they can communicate technical information in a clear, concise manner. College internships enable students to gain experience.

Required Education Associate's or bachelor's
Other Requirements Experience; internship may be required
Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)* 8% decline for computer programmers
Median Salary (2015)* $79,530 annually for computer programmers

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Job Duties

Working with CSS, HTML and often JavaScript, CSS programmers design and build front-end website architecture, including templates, structures and interfaces. CSS programmers use customer objectives or designs to create, modify or manage customized web applications. They may be responsible for integrating optimal user interfaces into web software, as well as testing and maintaining programs. They also may work with content writers, back-end engineers and product managers.

Specialized Training Emphasized

CSS programmers interested in enhancing their skills may look to associate degree programs that emphasize courses in:

  • C, C++ or C#
  • Java
  • SQL or MySQL
  • ASP.Net
  • Oracle
  • Linux
  • Adobe Creative Suite

Individuals interested in advancing their careers may also consider enrolling in a bachelor's degree program in computer science, which offers classes on programming languages, databases, network applications and production editing software.

Career Outlook

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), job opportunities are expected to decrease by 8% for computer programmers from 2014-2024 (www.bls.gov). Job growth is attributed to an expected need for programmers in such areas as healthcare and mobile technologies. The BLS notes that programmers who have bachelor's degrees, have experience using a wide range of applications and stay abreast of technological changes are expected to see the best opportunities.

Salary Information

As of May 2015, the BLS reports that computer programmers in general earned a median annual salary of $79,530, with most receiving wages between $44,450 and $130,800 per year. States with the highest salaries in this field included Washington, Alaska, Massachusetts, New Mexico and the District of Columbia.

While the career outlook for computer programmers in general isn't strong, those who know multiple programming languages and hold bachelor's degrees should have decent job prospects. While this career is fairly technical in nature, good communication skills are important when working with colleagues and clients.

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