Cardiac nurses are the health professionals who specialize in treating and assisting patients with cardiovascular-related medical conditions. As registered nurses, they will need an associate's or bachelor's degree and a nursing license from the state. Those looking for advancement in the cardiac nurse field have options of becoming either cardiovascular specialists or cardiac nurse practitioners.
Cardiac nurses work with patients suffering from cardiovascular medical conditions such as coronary artery disease, angina, congestive heart failure, cardiac dysrhythmia and cardiomyopathy. They are employed by coronary care units, operating rooms and cardiac surgery wards; some also work in research settings. All cardiac nurses must be registered nurses which requires specified schooling and passing an exam. Cardiac nurses may further their careers by completing voluntary certification or a graduate degree program.
|Required Education||Associate's degree at minimum, bachelor's degree required for some positions|
|Additional Requirements||State nursing license; specialty certification from a national organization may be required by some employers|
|Projected Job Growth* (2018-2028)||12% for registered nurses|
|Average Salary* (2018)||$71,730 annually for registered nurses|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
Education Requirements for Becoming a Cardiac Nurse
The two most common nursing degrees are the Associate of Science in Nursing, a 2-year program, and the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, a 4-year program. Nursing programs provide students with core courses in nursing, including anatomy, ethics, nutrition, health assessment and nursing research. In addition to coursework, students will complete clinical experiences.
All nurses, regardless of which specialty they plan to practice, must pass the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). This exam is administered by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, a non-profit organization. Passage of the NCLEX-RN allows the candidate to practice nursing as a registered nurse (RN).
Most employers require cardiac nurses to have additional training in cardiac nursing. The minimum education required beyond the RN certification is basic life support and advanced cardiac life support. The American College of Cardiovascular Nurses offers training and professional development beyond these life support certifications. A bachelor's degree program in nursing also provides specialty training in cardiac nursing.
There are several different avenues for certification. The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), a subsidiary of the American Nurses Association, recognizes cardiac-vascular nursing as a specialty and offers a 5-year renewable certification. The American Board of Cardiovascular Medicine offers certification for cardiac nurses in acute and non-acute care.
Certification involves taking an exam, which covers manifestation of vascular and cardiac disease, legal issues and ethical issues for cardiac nurses. Although certification is not mandatory, the ANCC maintains that board certification increases earning potential.
Advanced Practice Cardiovascular Nursing
Opportunities for advanced practice in cardiac nursing include becoming a cardiovascular specialist or cardiac nurse practitioner. Training involves obtaining a master's degree, a program generally lasting two to three years. Students take courses and participate in clinical practicums and residencies, gaining valuable hands-on experience in cardiac nursing.
Salary and Career Outlook
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that registered nurses will experience a much faster than the national average through 2028. In May 2018, the BLS reported that professional in the 90th percentile or higher earned $106,530 or more per year, whereas the bottom 10th percentile earned $50,800 or less per year.
Cardiac nurses are a subcategory of registered nurses who specialize in treating patients with cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure. Much like other registered nurses, they are expected to have received either an associate's or bachelor's degree from a nursing program and be licensed with the state.