In a school system, it is the responsibility of educational administrators to supervise what programs are institute, how they are planned and then to carry them out. Generally, an appropriate master's degree is the minimum education requirement for the job. State licensure is also required in the public school system.
In educational administration or supervision degree programs, students learn to direct teachers and staff, plan school programs and manage facilities. A bachelor's degree and teaching experience are typically required to enroll, and graduates usually earn master's or doctoral degrees.
|Career||Instructional Coordinator||Principal||Assistant Principal|
|Required Education||Master's||Master's or doctorate||Master's|
|Other Requirements||Related work experience, license may be required||License or certification and experience, training may be necessary||License, teaching certification and experience, training may be needed|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||7%||6% for elementary and secondary school educational administrators||6% for elementary and secondary school educational administrators|
|Median Annual Salary||$62,270 (2015)*||$90,410 (2015)*||$68,340 (2016)**|
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **PayScale.com.
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Educational administration students learn how to design curriculum, meet the educational needs of various populations and evaluate staff. They also develop educational management and communication skills. Graduates of these programs might enter careers as instructional coordinators, principals or assistant principals.
Instructional coordinators help design curricula, train and evaluate teachers, choose educational materials and see that school programs are meeting district, state and federal standards. They often work primarily in one educational field, such as special-needs education, math, music or science. Instructional coordinators design tests and oversee teacher and curriculum evaluation processes, then research new developments or techniques in educational theory to develop solutions to problems.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that improvements to curricula and teacher performance could cause demand for instructional coordinators to rise in coming years. Job growth was expected to be 7% from 2014-2024. The median salary for instructional coordinators in May 2015 was $62,270.
Principals are educational administrators for elementary or secondary schools. They make decisions, set long-term goals and create mission statements for schools. Principals also evaluate, hire and fire teachers and other employees, and they must meet school district initiatives and standards. Much of their job involves interacting with parents and students to gather input and address concerns.
According to the BLS, a 6% job growth was predicted for all education administrators in elementary and secondary schools, including principals and assistant principals, from 2014-2024 due in part to diminished state and local budgets. The median annual salary for elementary and secondary school education administrators was $90,410 in May 2013.
Assistant principals interact directly with more school staff and students than do principals. They coordinate maintenance workers, food service personnel and bus drivers to ensure smooth operations within the school. They hold students responsible for their behavior and educational efforts by administering disciplinary actions and providing counseling services. Some assistant principals are promoted quickly to positions as full principals, but others remain in their current positions throughout their careers. According to PayScale.com, the median annual salary for assistant principals was $68,340 in 2016.
According to the BLS, the employment opportunities for educational administrators who hold at least a master's degree are projected to increase about as fast as the national average for all occupations for the foreseeable future. While the positions of principal and assistant principal are generalist, for wont of a better term, an instructional coordinator is typically responsible for one specific discipline or educational field. State licensure is not required for educational administrators at a private institution.