An individual who earns a bachelor's degree in environmental science may look into becoming an environmental ecologist, policy specialist, or conservation scientist, among other jobs unlisted. Environmental studies is a broad field that covers various subjects, so the job possibilities are large.
The majority of environmental studies degree programs are designed with an interdisciplinary structure. Concentration areas may include topics such as sustainability, social advocacy, environmental communication, environmental policy reform, resource management, urban development or environmental education. Common environmental studies coursework includes multiple classes in the natural sciences, such as chemistry, biology and ecology. Students are also required to take courses within the social sciences, such as environmental management, environmental economics, world politics and global environmental issues.
|Career||Environmental Ecologist||Environmental Policy Specialist||Conservation Scientist|
|Education Requirements||Bachelor's degree||Bachelor's degree; master's degree may be required by some employers||Bachelor's degree|
|Projected Job Growth* (2018-2028)||8% for environmental scientists and specialists||11% for social scientists and related workers||4%|
|Median Annual Salary* (2018)||$71,130 for environmental scientists and specialists||$81,340 for social scientists and related workers||$61,310|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Environmental studies encompasses several academic disciplines in order to address environmental issues from multiple perspectives. A degree in environmental studies prepares workers for many career fields, including ecological studies, policy reform and conservationism. Some positions will be more available to those who hold graduate degrees within specific subfields. Keep reading to learn about three careers in this field.
Environmental ecologists study the way in which living creatures affect and are affected by their environments. They examine various factors that affect an organism's quality of life, such as population growth, availability of resources, pollution and urban development. They may run tests and write reports with recommendations on how to improve certain ecological habitats.
According to predictions from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), workers in the field of environmental sciences are expected to see 8% job growth during the decade between 2018 and 2028. Reasons for this faster than average rate of job growth include increased public interest in environmental problems and population growth, which can negatively impact the environment. The 2018 median annual salary for environmental scientists and specialists was $71,130, per BLS.
Environmental Policy Specialist
Often working for political advocacy organizations, environmental policy specialists work on redesigning laws and policies concerning environmental issues. Some policy specialists focus on individual environmental concerns, such as air pollution, ocean preservation, alternative energy or industrial waste. They also conduct research into various environmental causes and, if necessary, advocate for changing public policies.
The BLS classifies environmental policy specialists as social scientists and related workers. According to the BLS, the 2018 median annual salary for this group was $81,340. Social scientists and related workers are expected to see 11% job growth between 2018 and 2028, per BLS.
Often working as consultants, conservation scientists help landowners and government officials determine the most efficient ways to use land and natural resources. They may make recommendations concerning the amount of livestock or agriculture that a piece of property can support or test soil and water samples to determine the quality and amount of natural resources within a given area.
During the time period of 2018 to 2028, the BLS predicted that open or new positions in the field of conservation would increase slower than average by 4%. In 2018, the median annual salary for conservation scientists was $61,310, per BLS.
To work in conservation, policy reform, or ecology, one must hold an undergraduate degree at minimum in environmental science/studies, which is an interdisciplinary program. Some positions may require a master's degree or higher, especially research jobs.