Child Welfare Officer: Job Description and Education Requirements

Sep 18, 2019

Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a child welfare officer. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as details about degree programs, job duties and licensure to find out if this is the career for you.

Child welfare officers work in social services. Child welfare officers are social workers, usually employed by government agencies, who work to assess, investigate, or advise on cases concerning minors. They work to determine that minors are not living in unfit situations.

Essential Information

Child welfare officers work on behalf of children to ensure a safe and productive living environment. Often covered under the umbrella of social services, child welfare officers provide assessment, reporting and advising to adolescents and families and may be required to give evidence in courtroom hearings. A bachelor's degree and state licensure are generally minimum requirements for the profession.

Required Education Bachelor's degree in social work or similar field
Other Requirements Licensure requirements vary by state
Projected Job Growth (2018-2028)* 7% for child, family and school social workers
Median Salary (2018)* $46,270 for all child, family and school social workers

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Job Description of a Child Welfare Officer

Child welfare officers are generally social workers who deal specifically with assessing the care of minors. Employed primarily through state or local government agencies, they may be involved in investigations into abuse, neglect or unlawful activities. Often advocating for minors, child welfare officers must be familiar with legal processes and regulations.

A large part of a child welfare officer's job deals with ensuring children do not live in harmful or threatening environments. As social workers, they typically deal with emotional situations, and in some cases must temporarily or permanently separate a child from the parents and secure alternative placement. Additional job duties in a social work capacity may include reporting for and participating in court hearings, complaint investigation, home assessment and advising services.

Education Requirements for a Child Welfare Officer

Social workers usually require a bachelor's degree. While several majors may be acceptable, such as psychology or sociology, employers typically prefer a Bachelor of Social Work. A bachelor's degree program in social work involves courses in psychology, at-risk populations and social research methods. Most programs include several hours of supervised field experience.

Those choosing to advance a career, work in a school setting or specialize in child social work may continue studies to pursue a Master of Social Work. Some master's programs either offer a concentration in child welfare services or offer dual-degree programs where a master's degree can be earned in child development. Graduate studies typically include extensive research and practical experience.


For nearly all states, some sort of registration or licensure is required to work in social services. In addition to required experience, states may also mandate one or more levels of testing, depending on education, practice and type of career. Those providing social services in a school setting may need additional licensing through a state's educational board. Some states require periodic registration of practicing social workers, though a few require continuing education to renew a license.

Employment Outlook and Salary Information

Child, family and school social workers, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), should see employment growth of 7% from 2018-2028. However, growth may be negatively affected by the government's budget constraints. Most child, family and school social workers earned salaries from $29,550-$76,750 in May 2018, reported the BLS. The median salary at that time was $46,270.

Child welfare officers are social workers who specialize in helping minors and ensuring they do not live in compromising situations. Working in this field usually requires a bachelor's degree and licensure, although master's degree programs in social work also exist. Child welfare officers must be knowledgeable about the law and be able to promote minors' wellbeing.

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