PhD programs emphasize advanced study in the field of computer science. Students choose research areas, from general computing theory to artificial intelligence to bioinformatics. Doctoral programs are highly selective. Students must possess bachelor's and/or master's degrees; submission of recommendation letters and GRE scores are also required. Academic achievement and a high GPA are beneficial for consideration. Most Ph.D. programs expect students to take both comprehensive and qualifying exams.
Ph.D. in Computer Science
Coursework and research culminate in a final dissertation, which involves substantial planning and investigation supported and critiqued by department faculty. These programs often take 4-5 years to complete. In addition to the extensive planning and research tied to doctoral programs, students may attend graduate courses and seminars pertaining to:
- Computing theory
- Systems security and artificial intelligence
- Network systems analysis and database systems management
- Human-computer interaction
- Advanced computer architecture
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
After earning a Ph.D. in Computer Science, graduates may find work as computer and information research scientists or college professors. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the number of employed computer scientists was expected to grow 11% from 2014-2024. Job growth for these professionals may result from increased cyber security and cloud computing needs. Employment of postsecondary teachers of most subjects was projected to increase 13% during the same period.
As of May 2015, computer and information research scientists earned a median annual salary of $110,620, reports the BLS. During this time, college-level computer science professors made a median annual salary of $74,840.
Students who have at least a bachelor's degree in a computer-related field may consider a Ph.D. program in computer science. A doctorate in this field will qualify students for a variety of computer scientist careers, as well as careers in postsecondary computer science education.