There are three levels of emergency medical technician (EMT) certifications awarded by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT): basic, intermediate (also known as advanced) and paramedic. Individuals seeking to earn EMT-I or AEMT certification must have already passed their EMT-B exam. These programs are most commonly available at 2-year community colleges and may result in a certificate or diploma. Programs include an internship requirement in addition to courses. Some EMT-I courses may also be part of an associate's degree program that results in multiple certifications, including EMT-I and EMT-Paramedic.
Here are some common concepts taught in EMT-I classes:
- Identifying what is wrong with a patient in a medical emergency
- Treatments and techniques
- Types of medical emergencies
- The human body
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List of Courses
Advanced Life Support
In this class, participants learn to apply medical training in emergency situations to stabilize patients and transport them to hospitals. Skills, such as treating shock, airway management, allergic reactions and emergency childbirth, are taught. Students also learn the procedures for preparing a patient for transport.
Students learn to interact with and assess patients at the scene. Participants may also take documentation and conduct a basic diagnosis. They explore how their assessments assist with patient stabilization and treatment.
This course prepares students to use their assessment techniques to treat patients with traumatic injuries. Topics could include hemorrhage, burns, head trauma, spinal trauma and musculoskeletal trauma.
Individuals review the functions, systems and structures of the human body. They learn about tissues, cells, electrolytes, homeostasis and acid-base balance. This course also covers the principles of physiology and the effects of injury or disease on the body.
In a pharmacology course, instructors introduce the medicines and drugs used by emergency medical responders. Students gain an understanding of drug classifications and dosages, administration methods and intravenous applications. The class also covers prescription and over-the-counter drugs. Students learn to identify drugs by their names, uses, actions and side effects, as well as their dosage levels.