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EMT - Paramedic Classes and Courses Overview

Jan 02, 2019

Emergency medical technician (EMT)-paramedic courses teach individuals to provide the highest level of first responder, pre-hospital medical care. This article profiles the most commonly offered EMT-paramedic courses.

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Essential Information

Paramedic courses are available at many community colleges and are usually part of certificate or associate's degree programs in EMT-paramedic. These programs may require students to complete basic EMT training and hold licensure prior to enrollment; some associate's programs include both EMT-B and paramedic training.

Graduates of EMT-paramedic programs are prepared to perform the typical duties of EMTs, as well as more advanced tasks, such as administering medication to patients and operating complex medical equipment. These programs also ready students for paramedic licensure, which is required in all states.

Here are some common topics covered in EMT-Paramedic courses:

  • Airway management
  • Patient assessment
  • Resuscitation
  • Intravenous therapy
  • Obstetrical emergencies

List of Common Courses

Introduction to EMT Course

The course explores the skills necessary to provide pre-hospital emergency medical support to patients. Students learn the role of the emergency medical technician in addressing trauma situations. They learn how to provide basic life support, CPR and first aid. This course serves as the foundation for certification as an EMT-Basic and for continued training to become a paramedic.

EMT to Paramedic Course

This advanced course builds on basic EMT training and helps prepare students for certification as a paramedic. Individuals learn how to administer intravenous fluids, perform advanced airway management techniques and utilize defibrillators and other cardiac devices to control heart rate. Students are taught how to administer medications. This course also provides an overview of EMT operations.

Human Physiology and Anatomy Course

Students explore the function and structure of the human body, including the muscular, skeletal and nervous systems. Other topics discussed include tissues and cells, homeostasis, electrolytes, nutrition and acid-base balance. Students review how medical emergencies, including trauma, affect normal physiology and anatomy.

Cardiology Course

Participants survey the skills needed to assess and treat patients suffering from heart-related emergencies. This course looks at the physiology and pathology of a cardiac emergency. Students learn to recognize arrhythmias and to use electrocardiograms to diagnosis heart conditions. Drug and electrical intervention treatments are also discussed.

Pharmacology Course

The use of drugs in managing emergency medical conditions is the focus of the course. It concentrates on drugs used to manage cardiac, respiratory, gastrointestinal, neurological and other conditions. Individuals discuss how drug intervention aims to bring an injured person's body back to a normal physiological state. This course also discusses the legal and ethical issues relating to drug administration.

Operations and Rescue Practices Course

Students review first responder rescue techniques and practices. This course discusses rescue operations and awareness, rescue situations, terrorism response and crime scene awareness. Individuals examine the role of the medical incident command center and review the operation of the various types of emergency vehicles.

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