Training and courses for emergency room technicians are available at several technical and community colleges and are typically offered as part of certificate programs in emergency medical services. Enrolled students learn various aspects of the emergency care industry. Many states require ERTs to be licensed and/or certified, much like emergency medical technicians (EMTs).
Emergency room technicians collect lab samples from patients, check pulse and heart rates, monitor medical equipment and start intravenous lines, among other tasks, as directed by senior medical professionals. Some schools require students to have at least a high school diploma or GED prior to enrollment. ERT programs can generally be completed in less than two years. Typical subjects are as follows:
- Patient stabilization
List of Courses
General Emergency Room Practices Course
Hands-on clinical exercises practicing emergency care skills are supervised by health care professionals in this course. Students learn how to evaluate and document patient complaints and injuries, as well as provide basic assistance to doctors and nurses with procedures involving stitches, casts and catheters.
Emergency Medical Technician - Basic Course
A basic EMT course provides students with the knowledge to handle emergencies as a first responder in a rapid and accurate manner. Students learn to assess various patient traumas, identify phases of ambulance calls, practice emergency medical safety techniques and provide appropriate medical care and attention to patients before arrival at the hospital. They also learn to test patients for toxicosis, allergies, urological problems, pulmonary conditions and neurological complications. This required course is generally taken early in the program.
Trauma Assessment and Care Course
Students learn how to assess various types of trauma, such as soft tissue, blunt, penetrating, burn, spinal, thoracic, abdominal, hemorrhaging, muscular, head, neck and facial injuries. Identification of the signs of shock and appropriate treatments are also discussed. Students apply critical thinking skills and treatment methods in clinical emergency room situations under supervision.
EKG Readings Course
In this course, students learn how to read the results of electrocardiogram, or EKG, monitors. They gain hands-on training in non-invasive transcutaneous pacing, 12-lead interpretation and cardioversion procedures in order to assist medical staff in diagnosing heart problems, such as a myocardial infarction or myocardial ischemia. Lessons also focus on irregular waveforms and arrhythmia etiologies.
Lifting Methods Course
Instruction in the safe movement of patients onto gurneys and between hospital beds is provided in this course. Students demonstrate their knowledge of proper lifting methods to avoid causing back injuries or aggravating other conditions by practicing lifting techniques in class. Relevant factors relating to back injuries, such as body mechanics, cardiovascular conditioning and back strengthening exercises, are also explored.