Students of these programs should expect to study topics like cell biology, microelectronics and fluid mechanics. Alongside their studies, an internship or final project may be required at the bachelor's level and a thesis may be required for the master's. Experienced engineers who work directly with the public must have licenses. Professional engineer licensure requires the candidate to pass two exams, the first of which may be taken after earning a bachelor's degree.
Typical prerequisites include a high school diploma or GED for the bachelor's program, and an undergraduate degree, letter(s) of recommendation, and GRE scores are required for admission to the master's program. A student interested in applying for a doctorate program should have a master's degree in related field, high GRE scores, and qualifying exams for the various engineering degree programs must also be passed. Undergraduate degrees in the field are commonly available online.
Bachelor's Degree in Engineering Science
Bachelor's degree programs in engineering science can be found as Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts. Students are trained in physical sciences and mathematics, as well as engineering design, analysis and simulation. Typically, students can find concentrations in electrical engineering, bioengineering, computer engineering and materials science.
In addition to general education requirements, scholars complete courses in mathematics, biology, chemistry, statistics and fluid mechanics. Other examples of coursework include:
- Bioengineering ethics
- Cell biology
- Living systems transportation processes
- Principles of physics
Master of Science in Engineering Science
Graduate engineering science programs are designed for professionals currently working in engineering and science fields. Students can design their curriculum based upon their area of research. Typically, students complete research in a unique field that covers several disciplines within engineering and science or their research may be related to their current professional career.
Research specializations are completed in topics such as:
- Applied mechanics
- Structural mechanics
Ph.D. in Engineering Science and Mechanics
Doctoral degree programs focus heavily on dissertation research and the curriculum is designed to coincide with a student's field of study. Students may tailor their research in engineering science and mechanics, bioengineering and electrical engineering. Students attend seminars and classes, as well as complete practical experiences.
Ph.D. applicants must hold a master's degree in engineering science related field. Such fields may include civil engineering or computer engineering.
The seminars and courses within a doctorate program are derived from a student's area of specialization. A few examples of such classes include:
- Fluid mechanics
- Civil engineering materials
- Dynamics of rigid bodies
- Experimental methodology
- Systems design and analysis
Popular Career Options
Master's graduates have the theoretical expertise and practical experience to qualify for mid- to senior-level positions within several industries. Some job titles available may include:
- Biomechanical Engineer
- Materials Engineers
- Nanoelectronics Engineer
Graduates of a Ph.D. program are qualified for advanced level and teaching positions in research facilities or colleges and universities. Possible career titles include:
- Tenured professor
- Research specialist
- Biomaterials specialist
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects employment of biomedical engineers will grow 4% from 2018-2028, while environmental engineers and chemical engineers should see employment increases of 5% and 6% respectively, and electrical engineering is projected to grow 2% in job growth during the same decade. The BLS states that expanding technologies and the subsequent emergence of new areas of research account for the particularly high number of opportunities predicted in biomedical engineering.
Licensure and Certification
The BLS states that engineers working with the public must be licensed. To become licensed, graduates of an ABET-accredited program can take the initial exam offered through the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying. After gaining four years of experience, engineers will qualify for the Principles of Practice of Engineering exam and become professional engineers.
Degree programs in engineering science are available to students at the bachelor's, master's and Ph.D. levels. Popular career options for graduates include a biomechanics engineer or professor.