Career Definition for an Epidemiologist
The two categories of epidemiologists are research and clinical. Research epidemiologists study diseases to find ways to cure or prevent them, researching diseases that affect the whole human body, like HIV, or focusing their research on illnesses that target one region of the body, such as the lungs or heart. Research epidemiologists typically work at research facilities, such as universities, or for the federal government. Clinical epidemiologists usually work in hospitals or outpatient centers, where they collaborate with doctors to stop or prevent the outbreak of diseases.
|Education||Master's degree or Ph.D. in Epidemiology|
|Job Skills||Analytical, detail-oriented, and able to communicate effectively|
|Average Salary (2019)*||$70,990 (all epidemiologists)|
|Job Growth (2019-2029)*||5% (all epidemiologists)|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Epidemiologists need to hold at least a master's degree, but a number of advanced positions require a medical degree or a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.). Students interested in becoming epidemiologists should take courses such as anatomy, chemistry, outbreak investigation, infection control, and toxicology.
Epidemiologists need a strong math and science background and should be capable of gathering, analyzing, and understanding medical data. They must also be detail oriented and able to effectively communicate verbally and through writing.
Career and Economic Outlook
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), epidemiologists earned a median annual salary of $70,990 as of May 2019. Job growth of 5% is expected in the field from 2019-2029 due to local public health concerns and the increasing pressure on hospitals to track health outcomes.
Alternate Career Options
Other career options within this field include:
With a bachelor's degree, health educators can develop programs and teach people about leading healthy lives. Faster-than-average job growth of 11% is predicted by the BLS from 2019-2029 for this profession. The annual average salary for health educators was $55,220 as of 2019.
These scientists can enter the field to study microscopic organisms with bachelor's degrees, although a Ph.D. is usually required for independent research or to work in college settings. Microbiologists in 2019 earned $75,650 annually on average, according to the BLS, and could expect a 3% employment increase from 2019-2029.