Career Definition for a Geriatric Physical Therapy Technician
Geriatric physical therapy technicians work under the direct supervision of physical therapists, performing a variety of patient care and administrative duties related to the physical rehabilitation of seniors. Geriatric physical therapy technicians who are licensed physical therapy assistants will provide direct patient care by documenting patient progress, designing and carrying out exercise programs and administering treatment, such as aquatic therapy, massage and traction.
Geriatric physical therapy aides perform clerical duties, maintain equipment, and transport patients throughout the treatment facility. They may also lift patients and assist with exercises. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicts much faster than average growth in physical therapy assistant and aide professions, fueled by the rapidly growing population of aging adults.
|Education||Associate degree usually required|
|Job Skills||Knowledge of strength training, geriatric conditions, aerobics, and flexibility|
|Median Salary (2017)*||$57,430 for physical therapy assistants
$25,730 for physical therapy aides
|Job Growth (2016-2026)*||30% for physical therapy assistants and aides|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Geriatric physical therapy technicians who are applying for positions as aides are often hired with a high school diploma or equivalent. However, physical therapy assistants are generally required to complete a 2-year associate's degree program accredited by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE), with coursework in mathematics, anatomy, physiology and chemistry. Additionally, most states and employers require licensure, as well as CPR and Basic Life Support certification. The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) offers a directory of accredited programs and state licensure information for physical therapy assistants.
In addition to a thorough understanding of general physiotherapy principles, geriatric physical therapy technicians should have specific knowledge about conditions affecting aging adults, such as heart disease, strokes, and problems with coordination, balance, fluid retention, and limb swelling. Knowledge of appropriate strength training, flexibility, and aerobic conditioning exercises is essential.
Geriatric physical therapy technicians must have good communication skills, be team-oriented, and be dedicated to patient care. Assistants and aides must have efficient office and computer skills, with an understanding of medical terminology and insurance procedures. They must also be physically able to position patients and help them move, walk, stand or get in and out of a wheelchair.
Economic and Financial Outlook
The BLS predicts 30% job growth for physical therapy assistants and aides for the 2016 to 2026 period -- far outpacing the average growth rate expected for all occupations in the same period. As geriatric physical therapy teams grow to keep up with rising demand, job opportunities should be strongest for technicians with specific skills and experience related to elder care. In 2017, the median annual salary for physical therapist assistants was $57,430, while the median salary for physical therapist aides was $25,730.
Alternative Career Options
Individuals interested in working to rehabilitate disabled patients may consider the following alternative career options:
In order to become a physical therapist, a doctoral degree in physical therapy is needed, and a licensing examination must be passed. Physical therapists oversee the work of physical therapy aides, technicians and assistants. A much faster than average job growth of 28% was predicted for physical therapists in the 2016-2026 decade, as reported by the BLS. This profession earned a median income of $86,850 as of May 2017, according to the BLS.
Occupational Therapy Assistant
This career option requires the same level of education as physical therapy aides: an associate's degree. The tasks are also similar and may include helping patients use equipment and tracking their progress. However, the occupational therapy field focuses more on helping patients regain the skills they need for life and work, rather than focusing on physical ability. The BLS listed the median salary for occupational therapy assistants to be $59,310 in 2017 and their job growth for 2016-2026 to be 29%.