Hairdressing courses are mainly found through training programs at beauty schools, but they also might be available at some community colleges through cosmetology certificate or degree programs. Hairdressers are required to be licensed in all states. To become licensed, individuals must graduate from a state-approved cosmetology school and pass an exam, which may include both written and practical tests. Common concepts covered in these classes include:
- Hair cutting and styling
- Hair coloring
- Chemical straightening and permanent waving
- Sanitation procedures
- Health and safety
List of Common Courses
Hair Cutting Course
In this course, students learn about tools used to cut hair, including razors, scissors and clippers. They're introduced to basic cuts for men and women, such as crew cuts and bobs, as well as designs that are best suited for certain face shapes. Students also can learn about advanced techniques, including texturizing, personalized detailing and finishing. Proper hygiene, sanitation and sterilization measures are normally taught as well.
Hair Coloring Course
Students are introduced to hair color theory and techniques. This course also might cover how to provide coloring consultations with clients prior to actually performing the service. Students may learn safety methods and ways to prepare and mix customized colors. Creating highlights and lowlights and performing color corrections are typically part of the coursework. Students also might learn more advanced techniques in color design, including achieving organic color.
Permanent Waves and Chemical Straightening Course
In this course, students learn about chemicals used for permanent waves and straightening. They analyze what products work best with different hair types. With step-by-step instruction, students generally gain practical experience in permanent waves and chemical straightening using mannequins.
Hair Styling Course
Hair styling artistry is typically an intermediate or advanced part of a hairdressing program. Students learn methods for providing their clients with appropriate blowout styles to match a haircut. They also study thermal straightening, thermal curling and wet hairstyling techniques. Additionally, formal styles for events, such as weddings and proms, are normally practiced.
State Board Exam Preparation Course
During a state board preparation course, students explore the process of taking the exam required to become a licensed hairdresser. They examine cosmetology and related business practice laws specific to their state. They might take sample written tests and engage in mock practical exams.