Information about Hawaii
Hawaii, an archipelago of volcanic islands that stretches for more than 1,500 miles through the middle of the Pacific Ocean, was admitted to the Union in August 1959. A diverse region, Hawaii features a population of about 1.4 million people, based on 2015 estimates from the U.S. census. Residents of Asian descent make up the majority of the population, about 38% from 2014 census data. About 23% of the population was white, and 10% were native Hawaiian.
Hawaii is a popular tourist destination. Many people come from all over the world, but particularly the mainland United States, to take part in activities such as surfing, snorkeling and hiking. The state features some of the most active volcanoes in the world, including the Island of Hawaii's Kilauea, which is almost constantly in a state of eruption and is among the most visited volcanoes on Earth. Other attractions include tourist resorts on the leeward side of many of the major islands and reenactments of traditional Hawaiian religious ceremonies.
Hawaii has 16 public and private non-profit postsecondary institutions, including 2-year colleges and 4-year universities and technical or vocational schools. The University of Hawaii system is the primary provider of postsecondary education in the state. Its flagship campus is at Manoa, Honolulu, where the majority of the system's academic research is carried out. Other campuses can be found at Hilo and West Oahu. The system also maintains a number of community colleges throughout the archipelago. Other colleges and universities in Hawaii include Chaminade University of Honolulu, Hawaii Pacific University and Windward Community College.
Economy and Employment
The economy of the state of Hawaii is overwhelmingly dependent on tourism. Visitors come from the mainland United States or wealthy countries in Asia, including Japan and South Korea. The state also exports clothing and foodstuffs, including the only coffee crop grown in the United States. Other products include macadamia nuts, pineapple and sugarcane. Defense is also a vital important part of the economy, with numerous parts of the U.S. military stationed there.