Students who wish to work in the home remodeling and repair trades should have high school diplomas or GEDs, with courses in English, math, physics, mechanical drawing, blueprint reading, welding and general shop. Workers typically enter the field through apprenticeships or by working as helpers or laborers. Certificate and associate's degree programs are also available in construction-related fields.
Those who wish to work in management as construction managers can pursue bachelor's degree programs in construction science, engineering, business administration or finance. Entering into other construction specialist careers, such as carpentry, requires specialized training through apprenticeship or formal degree programs, and some specialty careers may require state licensure or certification.
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|Career Titles||Construction Laborer||Construction Manager||Carpenter|
|Education Requirements||High school diploma or GED||Bachelor's degree||Completion of an apprenticeship or formal training program|
|Licensure and Certification||Heavy machinery and hazardous materials licenses sometimes required||Licensure required in some states; voluntary certification||N/A|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||+13%||+5%||+6%|
|Median Salary (2015)*||$30,890||$87,400||$42,090|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
There are several career options for those who want to go into the home remodeling and repair business. The first one is construction laborer.
Information from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics indicates that helpers and laborers clean up construction sites, move materials, dig holes, operate basic equipment, and provide construction specialists with assistance as needed.
Since workers receive training while on-site, there are no education requirements for this career field, although some employers may prefer to hire workers who have the equivalent of high school diplomas. Helpers and laborers may need special licenses to operate heavy machinery. Likewise, those who assist in the removal of hazardous materials may need to be licensed or certified in accordance with state guidelines.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that available job opportunities for construction helpers and laborers will increase by 13% between 2014 and 2024. According to the same source, as of May 2015 the median salary for construction laborers and helpers was $30,890.
Another career option is construction manager. Also known as supervisors and construction foremen, construction managers oversee all operations at construction sites. Job duties for remodeling and repair jobs can include monitoring budgets, preparing financial reports, communicating with architects and home-owners, hiring workers, scheduling construction crews, maintaining permit documentation, and coordinating duties with other construction specialists (such as plumbers, electricians, or carpenters).
It is more common for construction managers to hold the minimum of bachelor's degrees, although enough work experience may be substituted for formal degrees. Ample work experience and on-the-job training in construction may be the most important career prerequisite for construction managers. Certification is voluntary in this field, but some states may require construction managers to be licensed.
Between 2014 and 2024, the Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that available job opportunities for construction managers will increase by 5%. According to the same source, as of May 2015 the median salary for construction managers was $87,400.
There is another career option: carpenter. As construction specialists, carpenters work with building materials, such as wood, to construct building frameworks, walls, stairs, doorways, and furniture. They possess an advanced knowledge of building materials, crafting tools, building techniques, and related construction codes. There are many types of carpenters including commercial, residential, and industrial. Those who wish to specialize in home remodeling repair would probably be residential carpenters.
Training for carpenters is usually done through a formal apprenticeship program that lasts for 3-4 years on average. There are some degree and certificate programs, however, that also provide training in this field. Previous experience in the construction industry may be helpful for prospective carpenters, but it is not necessarily a requirement.
Between 2014 and 2024, the Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that available job opportunities for carpenters will increase by 6%. According to the same source, as of May 2015 the median salary for carpenters was $42,090.
Many skills in the construction trades take years to learn, so training often involves a combination of hands-on and classroom experience. Technical and trade schools can provide the classroom experience, and training and safety courses are also offered through some labor unions. Formal apprenticeships offered by trade unions, employers or trade associations generally take 2-4 years and include both classroom experience and hands-on training. Apprenticeship candidates must generally be at least 18 years old.
A remodeler or repair technician can gain experience on construction projects, including housing developments, industrial buildings, office buildings and road construction. Beginning work experience may also be found through a temporary labor agency. Some home remodeling and repair specializations, such as plumbing and electrical repair, require licensing in most states.
Certification is often voluntary but may be useful for career advancement. The National Center for Construction Education and Research (NCCER) certifies carpenters, painters, electricians, plumbers, pipe fitters and heating and air conditioning technicians in safety and trade knowledge. The NCCER provides construction trade courses in both English and Spanish.
There are several different career options for those wishing to get into home remodeling and repair including construction laborer, construction manager, and carpenter. Most jobs require at least a high school diploma and either formal or on-the-job training.