Degree and certificate programs in homeland security offer specializations in a number of areas. Students in master's degree programs often engage in research in homeland security.
Students must complete a bachelor's degree (often in homeland security or a related field) from an accredited institution prior to entering a certificate or master's program. Master's and certificate programs usually require a minimum undergraduate GPA from prospective students. Most homeland security courses are on-campus, though some graduate programs are offered online.
Bachelor's Degree in Homeland Security
Bachelor's degree programs in homeland security offer basic knowledge of the field. Because there are so many aspects, many of the bachelor's degree programs require students to choose one area to focus on. These areas include laws and policies, analyzing and sharing intelligence, risk analysis and strategic planning, preparing and responding to disasters, terrorism analysis, transportation security and cybersecurity. Most bachelor's degree programs in homeland security are on-campus programs.
The majority of homeland security programs do not have specialized admissions requirements or education prerequisites. Colleges generally have the basic requirements of a high school diploma or an acceptable equivalent. Some schools mention that they give preference to students who have an Advanced Studies Diploma or an equal substitute.
A homeland security curriculum is very dependent on the track that a student chooses. However, basic courses required in most programs might include:
- Protecting critical infrastructure
- National and foreign policies
- Legal issues in homeland security
- Emergency planning and management
- Technologies for security systems
Graduate Certificate in Homeland Security
Graduate certificate programs may sometimes be applied towards earning a master's degree at the same institution. Other certificate programs are more 'stand alone.' Programs usually have 12-15 credit hours of coursework. All courses are required; there are no electives.
Certificate programs that may be applied towards a master's degree in homeland security generally expect an undergraduate GPA of 3.00. For other certificates, there are no stated baccalaureate GPA expectations.
Because certificate programs only require 4-5 courses, there is often a great deal of difference in coursework. However, these may include:
- Practical and theoretical aspects of terrorism and counter-terrorism in the U.S.
- Military, private and public sector roles in homeland security
- Balancing freedom and security in homeland protection
- Assessing risks and managing emergencies
- Analysis, evaluation and critiques of current homeland security practices
Master's Degree in Homeland Security
Master's degree programs in homeland security seem, at first glance, to be much the same as the bachelor's degree programs. There is a great deal of overlap, but the master's degree programs may also include research possibilities. Students may tailor most programs at this level to suit their special needs. Areas of specialization may include agricultural biosecurity, emergency preparedness, forensics and information security, infrastructure security, geospatial intelligence or public health preparedness. Since 2010, some programs have been curbed in state schools because of state budget problems. Many master's degrees in homeland security may be earned online.
Homeland security master's degree programs may require undergraduate GPAs ranging from 2.85 to 3.00. Requirements may vary between specialties within one school. A master's degree is generally a 2-year program.
There is significant overlap between bachelor's and master's degree program course requirements. Required core homeland security topics often include:
- Programs and policies of the Homeland Security Administration
- Ethical and social issues of homeland security
- Insurgence, terrorists, violence and threats
- Security preparedness for institutions
- Strategic planning for public and private industry and government entities
- Research methods for public and government affairs
There are a wide variety of careers in many settings associated with homeland security. Possible settings include government offices, private businesses, airports, military installations, law enforcement offices or research laboratories. Potential jobs that could be overlooked include:
- Commercial security system installer
- Computer security specialist
- Remote sensing scientist
- Security management specialist
- Transportation security officers
There is no institution that offers continuing education credits specific to homeland security. Graduates who wish to learn more about homeland security may choose to earn a graduate certificate or a master's degree in the field or a related field. Or they may simply take extra homeland security courses, perhaps in areas outside of their degree focus.
Because there are so many areas of potential occupations in homeland security, there is no single overall employment outlook for the field. For example, positions as information security analysts were projected to grow much faster than average (32%) from 2018-2028, while jobs as security managers were predicted to experience as fast as the average (5%) growth, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Emergency management director positions should see average growth during this same time.
A bachelor's degree in homeland security teaches students most of the information and skills required to enter a number of security-related occupations. Higher education in a master's or certificate program offers the opportunity for further research and specialization into homeland security careers.