Should I Become a Behavior Analyst?
Certified personal behavior analysts work with people of all ages to improve client performance in school and work, as well as help clients develop behavioral patterns that allow them to deal with developmental and psychological disabilities. A certified analyst's duties include observing the behavior of a client, designing a treatment plan, implementing the plan, training other staff members to implement the plan, and monitoring the client's progress.
Behavior analysts work in office settings, often located in schools, homes, and clinics. Such analysts usually work full-time, but they may enjoy flexibility in setting their own schedules. Some may meet with clients in the evenings or during weekends. Depending on an analyst's clientele, there may be risks associated with clients who may be emotionally charged or aggressive.
|Degree Level||Bachelor's degree; master's degree preferred|
|Degree Field||Behavior analysis, natural science, education, or related field|
|Licensure/Certification||Licensure varies by states; board certification required by many employers|
|Experience||1500-hour work experience required to qualify for certification|
|Key Skills||Observation and analytical skills; ability to communicate with and train staff; ability to communicate with clients' families|
|Salary||$53,845 (2016 median for behavior analysts)|
Sources: Behavior Analysis Certification Board, Job listings from employers, September 2012, PayScale.com
Certified personal behavior analysts are expected to have bachelor's degrees in behavioral analysis, natural science, education, or other related fields. Master's degrees are often preferred by employers. Many states require licenses, and many employers require board certification, which includes a requirement of 1500 hours of work experience. Behavior analysts have strong observation skills, the ability to communicate and train staff, the ability to communicate with clients' families, and analytical skills. According to Payscale.com, as of 2016, the median annual salary for behavior analysts was $53,845.
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Steps to Becoming a Behavior Analyst
The first step to becoming a certified personal behavior analyst is to earn a bachelor's degree. An undergraduate degree in psychology, applied behavior analysis, or a similar field is preferred for individuals pursuing careers as personal behavioral analysts. A bachelor's program in psychology generally includes core or elective coursework in applied behavior analysis or behavior therapy. In addition to methods, techniques, and principles, bachelor's programs in behavior analysis commonly cover data collection and analysis topics.
To take a step towards success, complete an internship or volunteer in a behavior analysis setting. Completing an internship or volunteering can help undergraduates demonstrate their commitment to the field of behavior analysis. Graduate programs like to know that students have spent time in a behavior analysis environment, and some programs even require that students have completed such an experience. Completing an internship or volunteering can have other benefits, such as exposing students to new research in the field and helping them develop relationships with professionals who may be able to supply letters of recommendation for graduate school applications.
For step 2, earn your master's degree. Master's programs in applied behavior analysis can advance undergraduate skills in techniques, methods, and philosophies, but also expand research work. Applied behavior analysis graduate programs require students to complete hands-on experience through internships or practicum coursework. Many master's programs also require graduate students to complete a thesis project on a topic related to applied behavior analysis. Additionally, it's common for programs to offer electives in a specific concentration, such as developmental disabilities.
Step 3 is to complete a supervised independent fieldwork placement. The Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) regulates the format of approved fieldwork placements. Graduates of a master's program are required to complete 1500 hours of work experience, working no fewer than ten hours per week and no more than 30 hours per week. The fieldwork placement typically takes one year to complete. An approved behavior analyst or behavior analysis instructor must monitor the fieldwork and conduct direct supervision every two weeks for a total of 75 hours throughout the placement.
For step 4, you'll want to become certified. Once master's graduates have completed the fieldwork placement, they must apply to take the BACB examination to become a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA). Applicants may apply online through the BACB website and must submit verification of all coursework and experience requirements to be considered eligible to sit for the exam. When the application has been accepted, the certification candidate may schedule a date to take the computer-based exam at one of many locations across the country.
The exam is available throughout January, May, and September. After taking the exam and receiving verification that they have passed the exam, candidates become BCBAs and will be added to the certificate registry. It is crucial to your success to check your state requirements. Licensure as a behavior analyst isn't required in all states, and for states that have licensing laws, requirements can vary. Prospective analysts should check with their states to make sure they've met all qualifications if their state requires licenses for this career.
For the last step, step 5, maintain your certification and meet continuing education requirements. BCBAs must renew their certification annually by paying a fee to the BACB. Additionally, a recertification process requiring continuing education hours or retaking the certification exam is required every three years. If recertifying through continuing education credits, a BCBA must complete 36 credits. The BACB's approved continuing education sources include graduate-level university courses, BACB events, and conference presentations, seminars, and workshops.
Certified personal behavior analysts have skills in observation, communication, and analysis. They have bachelor's and master's degrees and certification, with requirements to continue their certification and education. And they make an annual median salary of $53,845.