Should I Become a Creative Director?
Creative directors in the advertising and business fields manage the art and graphic images of promotional products. They will likely manage the art related to marketing materials, including websites, advertising, brochures and other media items. Creative directors are often required to manage a team, which can include graphic and Web designers.
This upper-level position involves a great deal of stress and working under strict deadlines. Many creative directors put in several years' worth of experience before they obtain the position. However, the career offers a higher-than-average salary, per the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and also provides a good deal of creative control over a product.
|Degree Level||Bachelor's degree|
|Degree Field||Graphic design, marketing, or a related field|
|Experience||7-10 years of experience|
|Key Skills||Interpersonal and managerial expertise; familiarity with graphic design and publication design software|
|Salary||$83,429 (2016 median for creative directors)|
Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Payscale.com
Creative directors need a bachelor's degree in graphic design, marketing or a related field as well as 7-10 years of experience. These professionals should have managerial expertise and good interpersonal skills. Familiarity with graphic design and publication design software is also needed.
According to 2016 data from PayScale.com, creative directors earn a median salary of $83,429.
Steps to Become a Creative Director
Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree
Creative directors must use their knowledge of art and marketing to develop a consistent brand image for a company. The brand image may include the color, font and overall feelings associated with the brand. Employers prefer creative directors with knowledge of marketing techniques as well as knowledge of art and graphic design. A bachelor's degree in marketing or graphic design can serve as a foundation for a creative director. In addition, a degree in integrated marketing communication can provide individuals with training in multiple areas of marketing that a creative director would oversee, such as marketing, advertising, public relations and digital media. Students may also take courses in art design, visual communication and graphic design.
Aspiring creative directors should also take courses in digital design. Not only is marketing on the Internet an important part of the marketing plan, design for digital media is different than marketing for print. Creative directors must learn the techniques of designing for both, as their ultimate responsibility will include design for both mediums.
As art and graphic design students build a body of work through projects, they should create a portfolio that highlights their coursework experience and style. Although business students may only have a few design projects to highlight, they can supplement any Web design, packaging design or mock advertisements with art work with other marketing projects, such as creative briefs and marketing plans that also highlight their coursework experience. In addition, a portfolio may be necessary for admission into a master's program.
Step 2: Gain Experience
Employers typically prefer applicants with at least 5-7 years of experience. Graduates can find experience at an advertising agency where they will work in a fast paced environment and learn how to serve clients' needs in various areas of marketing communications. Graduates can also work for an in-house marketing department producing marketing materials for that one company (or possibly subsidiaries). Candidates should learn various marketing techniques that require design, such as packaging, brochures, online advertising and outdoor design.
Creative directors will likely have to manage a creative team that may include designers, copywriters and freelancers. As a result, it's important for individuals seeking the position to learn skills in areas that include leadership, team building and delegation.
Step 3: Obtain a Graduate Degree
With an undergraduate degree and some years of experience, individuals will have an opportunity to figure out what area of marketing they excel at and which areas may require some development. They may consider pursuing a graduate degree. Individuals with an undergraduate degree in marketing may find that a master's degree in graphic or multimedia design will round out their skill set. In the master's degree program students may take courses in product design and multimedia design. A thesis may be required to graduate.
Individuals with undergraduate studies in art or graphic design may find that a master's degree in marketing communication will help them learn how to apply art principles to marketing techniques. Students will take courses in market research analysis and mobile and Web marketing, as well as visual information design.
Step 4: Advance as a Creative Director
Creative directors can go on to become marketing managers for large companies, business development directors or even chief marketing officers if their credentials support such an advancement. Applicants to more executive corporate positions may find that a Master of Business Administration degree is preferred or required. Some creative directors also choose to pursue careers in industrial, graphic or fashion design once they have gained the experience to do so.
To summarize, creative directors need at least a bachelor's degree in marketing, graphic design or a related field as well as 5-10 years of relevant experience.