Are Jobs in School Administration Right for Me?
School administrators, such as principals, assistant principals, and superintendents, are in charge of the day-to-day running of schools and school districts. Typical job duties include managing budgets, as well as maintaining state and federal education requirements and curriculum. If you are looking into jobs in school administration, you will need to think carefully about your own skills and interests.
The many tasks that high school administrators must oversee can oftentimes be stressful. In addition to normal full-time work, administrators might also need to attend school functions on the weekends and evenings. Unlike high school teachers, they may not get summers off, since they must spend time preparing for the upcoming school year.
Duties of a School Administrator
School administrator duties include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Plan and manage school activities for students and staff
- Manage and plan the school's budget
- Organize staff meetings and professional development
- Speak with students when necessary, particularly in disciplinary cases
- Organize meetings with parents when necessary
Steps to Become a School Administrator
To become a high school administrator, you'll need to follow these steps in order to gain the necessary school administration qualifications:
Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree
Most school administrators start out as teachers and then complete master's degree programs in education administration before pursuing advancement into school administration positions. To become a teacher, a student must complete the appropriate 4-year program for the level at which they wish to teach, complete the necessary teaching certification requirements and gain state licensure. A variety of educational options exist for aspiring public school teachers, who can work at either the elementary, middle, or high school levels. Coursework is determined according to the grade levels and subjects that one is planning to teach. Most education degree programs include classes in educational philosophy, classroom management and working with diverse students.
Become qualified to teach in the most relevant setting. Individuals who want to work in elementary school administration would most likely benefit from first working as an elementary teacher. Those who want to become administrators within high schools would similarly gain useful experience from teaching at that level. Elementary school teachers typically major in elementary education, while middle and high school teachers typically major in a subject of study, such as English or chemistry, and then complete a teaching education program to become qualified to earn state licensure.
Step 2: Gain Teaching Licensure
After completing a 4-year program, complete with the necessary educational courses and teaching experiences, a bachelor's degree holder can gain state licensure to work as a public school teacher. This is one of the major school administrator requirements that cannot be overlooked. In addition to meeting minimum coursework and experience requirements, states typically require the successful completion of an examination that tests competency in the aspiring teacher's area of study. Continuing education, including earning a master's degree within a minimum number of years after certification, may be necessary in order to maintain licensure.
Step 3: Gain Work Experience
Through working as a teacher, an aspiring school administrator can become familiar with the duties of administration and learn about the roles played by various groups in the public school system, including parent-teacher organizations and school boards. School administrators often spend several years as educators before taking the next step in their career. The years of experience required vary by state, so individuals will want to check with the state where they wish to work.
Step 4: Complete a Master's Degree
In order to become a school administrator, candidates must typically complete a master's degree in educational administration or educational leadership. Such degree programs provide the conceptual framework for developing administrative skills. Master's degree programs in education administration typically take two years to complete and may require students to hold teaching licenses prior to enrolling.
Step 5: Pursue an Administrator License
Most states require principals to earn licensure in order to have a position in a school district. Certification requirements vary by state, but most require candidates to satisfy education requirements and take a test to demonstrate knowledge of state-specific topics, such as state laws and standards for curriculum and teacher training. Candidates are often expected to sit for a state licensing exam and may be required to complete work experience under the supervision of a mentor. One is obligated to possess a state license to practice as an administrator in public schools in most states.
Step 6: Obtain Administrative Experience
While working as an educator, a teacher can become familiar with administrative tasks that are relevant to his or her level of education. While working as a teacher, an aspiring administrator can take on administrative responsibility within a school to gain the skills necessary to advance into that role.
To become a high school administrator, you'll first have to earn a bachelor's degree, get licensed, and work as a teacher. Then you need to earn a master's degree and get licensed as an administrator.
School Administrator Requirements
|Degree Level||Master's degree; some positions may require a doctoral degree|
|Degree Field||Educational administration, educational leadership|
|Licensure and/or Certification||State licensure required for public school teachers; principals typically require licensure|
|Experience||Typically require prior work experience as a teacher|
|Key Skills||Problem-solving, leadership, and communication skills|
|Median Salary (2019)||$96,400 (for education administrators, kindergarten through secondary)|
|Job Outlook||4% growth from 2019-2029|
Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, ONET Online
To become a high school administrator, you'll need a master's degree in educational administration or educational leadership, but some positions require a doctoral degree. Public school teachers are required to earn state licensure in all states and principals are typically required to earn licensure as well. Positions typically require prior work experience as a teacher. You'll also need problem-solving, leadership, and communication skills.
How Much Money Do School Administrators Make?
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported an annual median wage of $96,400 for elementary and secondary school administrators working in schools in May 2019. The BLS also reported that school administrators can expect around 4% growth in their job field between 2019 and 2029, with roughly 11,100 new jobs opening up. This is around average job growth for all careers in the United States in the same time frame.
What Skills Do School Administrators Need?
Some of the most important skills for school administrators to cultivate include the following:
- Excellent interpersonal skills
- Strong communication skills
- Ability to work with children and teenagers
- Excellent organizational skills
- Managerial skills
- Clarity of vision
- Understanding of a school's needs
What Types of School Administration Are There?
As an administrator, you might work in a variety of different educational institutions. The needs of an elementary school will be somewhat different, for instance, from the needs of a middle school or high school. Private and public schools may also have different needs and policies. As an administrator, you might work as a principal or vice-principal, or else you might have a more specialized administrative role within a school. Consider which kinds of positions interest you when looking into starting your school administrator career.