How to Become a Landscaper: Step-by-Step Career Guide

Research the requirements to become a landscaper. Learn about the job description and/or duties, and see the step-by-step process to start a career in landscaping. View article »

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  • 0:00 Landscaper Career Info
  • 1:16 Earn a Degree or Certificate
  • 2:05 Explore Career Options
  • 2:36 Gain Work Experience
  • 3:03 Pursue Certification

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Video Transcript

Landscaper Career Info

Landscapers create and maintain exterior environments for everything from homes and businesses to parks and government buildings. Using their knowledge of horticulture, math, science and landscaping, landscapers make exteriors more attractive and inviting.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), landscapers have a higher rate of injury and illness than the average worker. They often work outside in inclement weather, handle dangerous power tools and come in contact with chemicals and pesticides. These professionals should have critical thinking and communication skills, the ability to manage personnel and resources and proficiency with Microsoft Office Suite and facilities management software. In 2015, the BLS found that landscape architects and designers earned a median annual salary of $63,810, while landscaping and groundskeeping workers earned a median annual wage of $25,030.

Step 1: Earn a Degree or Certificate

Many public colleges offer degree and certificate programs in landscape technology, also known as ornamental horticulture. Most of the college programs run two years, and graduates earn an associate's degree. In addition to learning the science and mathematics of landscaping, students are taught how to design landscape plans, maintain landscapes and select plants. Typical coursework includes horticulture, landscape design, chemistry and business.

Certificate programs are available and are completed in one year or less. These programs offer an alternative to those seeking a shorter-term program or who wish to enhance their current knowledge and skills.

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Step 2: Explore Career Options

With a degree in landscape technology, students have multiple career opportunities. Besides finding employment as a landscaper, groundskeeper or contractor, graduates may work as a nursery manager, buildings and grounds supervisor, golf course superintendent or horticulture specialist. Graduates with a landscape technology degree have the necessary background to pursue bachelor's degrees and careers in landscape design.

Step 3: Gain Work Experience

As part of most certificate and degree programs, students are required to take part in internships or fieldwork to prepare them for employment. With completion of a landscape technology program, most students are qualified for entry-level positions in which they plant and maintain vegetation, care for mature lawns and plants, operate maintenance equipment and prune.

Step 4: Pursue Certification

After working in the field for a while, landscapers might consider pursuing certification options. The Professional Landcare Network (PLANET) offers a host of certification programs, including the Landscape Industry Certified Technician and the Landscape Industry Certified Manager. These certifications, along with others, require passing an exam. Certification from PLANET helps landscapers distinguish themselves from competitors. The Landscape Contractors Association (LCA) offers training programs to assist candidates in preparing for the exam.

Once again, an aspiring landscaper should select a career path in the field, complete a certificate or degree program, gain hands-on work experience and then consider certification for advancement.

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