Marriage and Family Therapists
|Degree Level||Master's degree|
|Degree Fields||Marriage and family therapy, psychiatry, clinical social work, psychology, or related field|
|Licensure||All states require licensure|
|Experience||2 years supervised clinical experience required for licensure|
|Key Skills||Good listening, critical thinking, problem-solving, and people skills; compassion; proficiency with medical software such as SOS Case Manager and Anasazi Software Client Data System|
|Salary||$43,190 (2015 median for mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists)|
Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy, Occupational Information Network
Marriage and family therapists help enhance communication and understanding among family members in order to remedy such problems as alcohol and drug abuse or marital stress. Treatment usually takes place over the course of anywhere from 12 to 50 sessions and combines individual and family therapy. Marriage and family therapists work at mental health centers, hospitals, treatment centers, government departments and postsecondary institutions. They deal with clients who suffer from severe familial conflicts, so the job is stressful and demanding. Some therapists travel to patient homes to administer treatment.
Aspiring marriage and family therapists will need to be licensed in their state of residence. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy and the Occupational Information Network, typical requirements include a master's degree in a field related to marriage and family therapy, like psychiatry, psychology, clinical social work or other fields. Two years of supervised clinical field experiences are also required, as are passing scores on a state-approved written exam.
Key skills for marriage and family therapists include good listening and people skills, compassion, the ability to think critically and solve problems and computer skills, like proficiency with medical software, such as SOS Case Manager and Anasazi Software Client Data System.
In May 2015, the BLS reported that the median salary for mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists, was $43,190 per year.
Step 1: Bachelor's Degree
Individuals pursuing a career as a marriage and family therapist must first earn a bachelor's degree in order to prepare for graduate school. Most marriage and family therapy graduate degree programs accept applicants with any major, provided they've completed prerequisite courses in such areas as human development, research methods and counseling fundamentals.
These courses are often available in psychology programs. Curricula introduce students to such principles as how attitudes and opinions are formed and changed, how people think and learn, how memory works and how personality traits are identified. Other disciplines that might be beneficial to prospective marriage and family therapists include sociology, human studies, or another one of the social sciences.
Complete Field or Practical Experiences
In addition to counting toward course requirements for undergraduate psychology programs, these hands-on learning opportunities help students get into graduate school. Some universities report that successful program applicants have work experience in the field.
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Step 2: Master's Degree
Marriage and family therapists need at least a master's degree in marriage and family therapy or a related field, such as psychology or clinical social work. Students should select a program that's accredited by the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy, since this designation ensures that a program adheres to national standards.
Course requirements for these programs cover such topics as couples therapy, human sexuality, developmental science, research methods and systems theory. Curricula will likely take two to three years of full time study, and includes an extensive clinical practicum and a research thesis.
Participate in Research Activities
Some master's degree programs offer students opportunities to be members of faculty research teams. These experiences enable aspiring marriage and family therapists to identify an area of interest, whether it's young adult behavior, treatment methods for domestic violence, or home-based therapy for couples.
Step 3: Clinical Experience
Aside from earning a master's degree, all states require marriage and family therapists to complete two years of clinical experience. Marriage and family therapists can meet these requirements by volunteering their services or becoming employed by nonprofit, charitable organizations, colleges, private practices, or any other agency that provides mental health services. A licensed marriage and family therapist, psychologist, or social worker must supervise this type of work experience.
Step 4: Licensing Exam
Once they've completed their education and clinical experience, aspiring marriage and family therapists can sit for their state's licensing exam. Some states issue their own exam, while others use the Examination in Marital and Family Therapy, which is administered by the Association of Marital and Family Therapy Regulatory Boards. This four-hour, multiple-choice exam evaluates candidates' knowledge of such areas as client diagnosis, ethical standards, and the development of treatment interventions.
Step 5: Continuing Education
Marriage and family therapist licenses typically last for a two-year period. In order to renew these credentials, therapists need to accumulate enough continuing education credits (CEUs). These are available through state-approved workshops, courses, or online training programs. Marriage and family therapists can also earn CEUs for their supervising or teaching responsibilities.
The steps towards becoming a licensed marriage and family therapist include earning a bachelor's degree, completing a master's degree program, acquiring clinical experience, passing the licensing exam, and completing continuing education requirements in order to maintain licensure.